Anatomy & Physiology: An Integrative Approach 2nd edition McKinley Test Bank

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  • Published: 2015
  • ISBN-10: 0078024285
  • ISBN-13: 978-0078024283

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anatomy and physiology an integrative approach 2nd edition test bank

Chapter 05  Tissue Organization

True / False Questions
1.  Epithelial tissue tends to be richly innervated and highly regenerative.
TRUE

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D01.03 Contrast the general features of the four major tissue types.
HAPS Topic: Module D01 Overview of histology & tissue types.
Learning Objective: 05.01.01 Describe the common features of epithelial tissue.
Section: 05.01
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of epithelial tissue

Multiple Choice Questions
2. Which tissue type covers body surfaces and lines the inside of organs and body cavities?
A. Muscle
B. Connective
C. Epithelial
D. Nervous
E.  None of the choices is correct.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D01.03 Contrast the general features of the four major tissue types.
HAPS Topic: Module D01 Overview of histology & tissue types.
Learning Objective: 05.01.02 Explain the four functions that may be served by epithelial tissues.
Section: 05.01
Topic: Overview of histology and tissue types

3.  In what tissue would you expect to find very little, if any, extracellular matrix?
A. Muscle tissue
B. Nervous tissue
C. Immune tissue
D. Epithelial tissue
E. Connective tissue

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Objective: D01.03 Contrast the general features of the four major tissue types.
HAPS Topic: Module D01 Overview of histology & tissue types.
Learning Objective: 05.01.01 Describe the common features of epithelial tissue.
Section: 05.01
Topic: Overview of histology and tissue types

4. Which feature is not characteristic of epithelial tissue?
A. Polarity
B. Cells connected to each other by intercellular junctions
C. High regeneration capacity
D. Attachment to a basement membrane
E. Large amount of extracellular matrix

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D01.03 Contrast the general features of the four major tissue types.
HAPS Topic: Module D01 Overview of histology & tissue types.
Learning Objective: 05.01.01 Describe the common features of epithelial tissue.
Section: 05.01
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of epithelial tissue

5.  Which of the following is not a function of epithelial tissue?
A. Secretion
B. Physical protection
C. Selective permeability
D. Sensation
E. No exceptions; these are all functions of epithelial tissue

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D02.03 Describe the functions of each type of epithelial tissue in the human body and correlate function with structure for each tissue type.
HAPS Topic: Module D02 Microscopic anatomy, location, & functional roles of epithelial tissue.
Learning Objective: 05.01.02 Explain the four functions that may be served by epithelial tissues.
Section: 05.01
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of epithelial tissue

6.  Groups of similar cells and extracellular products that carry out a common function are called
A. organs.
B. organ systems.
C. matrices.
D. tissues.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D01.01 Define the term histology.
HAPS Topic: Module D01 Overview of histology & tissue types.
Learning Objective: 05.05.01 Define an organ.
Section: 05.05
Topic: Overview of histology and tissue types

7. Which is avascular (lacks blood vessels)?
A. Epithelial tissue
B. Muscle tissue
C. Nervous tissue
D. Connective tissue
E.  All of the choices are correct.

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Objective: D01.03 Contrast the general features of the four major tissue types.
HAPS Topic: Module D01 Overview of histology & tissue types.
Learning Objective: 05.01.01 Describe the common features of epithelial tissue.
Section: 05.01
Topic: Overview of histology and tissue types

8.  What specialized feature of an epithelium consists of a reticular lamina, a lamina densa, and a lamina lucida?
A.  Microfilament
B.  Desmosome
C.  Fenestrated membrane
D.  Basement membrane
E.  Plasma membrane 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D02.01 Classify the different types of epithelial tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics.
HAPS Topic: Module D02 Microscopic anatomy, location, & functional roles of epithelial tissue.
Learning Objective: 05.01.01 Describe the common features of epithelial tissue.
Section: 05.01
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of epithelial tissue

9.  A _____________ epithelium consists of a single layer of flattened cells attached directly to a basement membrane.
A.  simple columnar
B.  simple squamous
C.  simple cuboidal
D.  stratified squamous
E.  stratified cuboidal 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D02.01 Classify the different types of epithelial tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics.
HAPS Topic: Module D02 Microscopic anatomy, location, & functional roles of epithelial tissue.
Learning Objective: 05.01.03 Name the classes of epithelia based on cell layers and cell shapes.
Section: 05.01
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of epithelial tissue

10.  Which type of epithelium is composed of multiple layers, including an apical layer containing tall, slender cells?
A.  Simple squamous
B.  Simple columnar
C.  Pseudostratified squamous
D.  Stratified squamous
E.  Stratified columnar 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: D02.01 Classify the different types of epithelial tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics.
HAPS Topic: Module D02 Microscopic anatomy, location, & functional roles of epithelial tissue.
Learning Objective: 05.01.03 Name the classes of epithelia based on cell layers and cell shapes.
Section: 05.01
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of epithelial tissue

11.  The walls of kidney tubules are formed by _____________ epithelium, which functions in resorbing materials filtered from blood plasma such as nutrients, ions, and water.
A.  simple cuboidal
B.  simple squamous
C.  stratified cuboidal
D.  stratified squamous
E.  stratified columnar 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D02.03 Describe the functions of each type of epithelial tissue in the human body and correlate function with structure for each tissue type.
HAPS Topic: Module D02 Microscopic anatomy, location, & functional roles of epithelial tissue.
Learning Objective: 05.01.04 Give examples of each type of epithelium.
Section: 05.01
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of epithelial tissue

Fill in the Blank Questions
12.  The tissue in which all cells contact the basement membrane, even though some appear (at first glance) to be stacked on top of others, is called ___________ columnar epithelium.
pseudostratified

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D02.01 Classify the different types of epithelial tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics.
HAPS Topic: Module D02 Microscopic anatomy, location, & functional roles of epithelial tissue.
Learning Objective: 05.01.03 Name the classes of epithelia based on cell layers and cell shapes.
Section: 05.01
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of epithelial tissue

13.  In serving their roles as gatekeepers, epithelial tissues demonstrate selective __________.
permeability

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: D02.03 Describe the functions of each type of epithelial tissue in the human body and correlate function with structure for each tissue type.
HAPS Topic: Module D02 Microscopic anatomy, location, & functional roles of epithelial tissue.
Learning Objective: 05.01.02 Explain the four functions that may be served by epithelial tissues.
Section: 05.01
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of epithelial tissue

Multiple Choice Questions
14.  Which of the following is not lined by nonkeratinized stratified squamous epithelium?
A. Oral cavity
B. Pharynx
C. Vagina
D. Esophagus
E. Small intestine

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Objective: D02.02 Describe locations in the body where each type of epithelial tissue can be found.
HAPS Topic: Module D02 Microscopic anatomy, location, & functional roles of epithelial tissue.
Learning Objective: 05.01.04 Give examples of each type of epithelium.
Section: 05.01
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of epithelial tissue

15.  Microscopic folds that extend from the apical surface of certain epithelia to increase the surface area for absorption and secretion are called
A. cilia.
B. microvilli.
C. flagella.
D. mucus.
E. desmosomes.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D02.03 Describe the functions of each type of epithelial tissue in the human body and correlate function with structure for each tissue type.
HAPS Topic: Module D02 Microscopic anatomy, location, & functional roles of epithelial tissue.
Learning Objective: 05.01.01 Describe the common features of epithelial tissue.
Section: 05.01
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of epithelial tissue

16.  If you gently rub your thumb and forefinger together, each finger is contacting
A. simple squamous epithelium.
B. keratinized simple squamous epithelium.
C. keratinized stratified squamous epithelium.
D. nonkeratinized simple squamous epithelium.
E. nonkeratinized stratified squamous epithelium.

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Objective: D02.02 Describe locations in the body where each type of epithelial tissue can be found.
HAPS Topic: Module D02 Microscopic anatomy, location, & functional roles of epithelial tissue.
Learning Objective: 05.01.04 Give examples of each type of epithelium.
Section: 05.01
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of epithelial tissue

17.  Pseudostratified ciliated columnar epithelium is found lining
A. portions of the respiratory system.
B. the larger blood vessels.
C. the oviduct.
D. large kidney tubules.
E. ducts of sweat glands.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D02.02 Describe locations in the body where each type of epithelial tissue can be found.
HAPS Topic: Module D02 Microscopic anatomy, location, & functional roles of epithelial tissue.
Learning Objective: 05.01.04 Give examples of each type of epithelium.
Section: 05.01
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of epithelial tissue

18.  The type of epithelium that lines the urinary bladder and may include some binucleated cells is called ____________ epithelium.
A.  stratified squamous nonkeratinized
B.  stratified squamous keratinized
C.  pseudostratified
D.  transitional
E.  simple squamous 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D02.02 Describe locations in the body where each type of epithelial tissue can be found.
HAPS Topic: Module D02 Microscopic anatomy, location, & functional roles of epithelial tissue.
Learning Objective: 05.01.04 Give examples of each type of epithelium.
Section: 05.01
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of epithelial tissue

19.  What type of epithelium would be most suited for high levels of diffusion and filtration?
A.  Simple squamous
B.  Stratified squamous
C.  Pseudostratified
D.  Transitional
E.  Stratified columnar 

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Objective: D02.03 Describe the functions of each type of epithelial tissue in the human body and correlate function with structure for each tissue type.
HAPS Topic: Module D02 Microscopic anatomy, location, & functional roles of epithelial tissue.
Learning Objective: 05.01.03 Name the classes of epithelia based on cell layers and cell shapes.
Section: 05.01
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of epithelial tissue

20.  The lining of the air sacs in the lungs (alveoli) is comprised of what epithelium?
A.  Simple squamous
B.  Simple columnar
C.  Simple cuboidal
D.  Stratified squamous
E.  Transitional 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D02.02 Describe locations in the body where each type of epithelial tissue can be found.
HAPS Topic: Module D02 Microscopic anatomy, location, & functional roles of epithelial tissue.
Learning Objective: 05.01.04 Give examples of each type of epithelium.
Section: 05.01
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of epithelial tissue

21.  Which type of epithelial tissue would be the least protective?
A.  Stratified keratinized
B.  Stratified nonkeratinized
C.  Simple columnar
D.  Transitional
E.  Simple squamous 

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Objective: D02.03 Describe the functions of each type of epithelial tissue in the human body and correlate function with structure for each tissue type.
HAPS Topic: Module D02 Microscopic anatomy, location, & functional roles of epithelial tissue.
Learning Objective: 05.01.03 Name the classes of epithelia based on cell layers and cell shapes.
Section: 05.01
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of epithelial tissue

22.  Epithelial tissues have an attached (basal) border and a free (apical) border. This arrangement is known as
A. bilateral symmetry.
B. distal orientation.
C. polarity.
D. proximal orientation.
E. lateral flexibility.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D01.03 Contrast the general features of the four major tissue types.
HAPS Topic: Module D01 Overview of histology & tissue types.
Learning Objective: 05.01.01 Describe the common features of epithelial tissue.
Section: 05.01
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of epithelial tissue

True / False Questions
23.  In nonkeratinized stratified squamous epithelial tissue, the cells in the superficial layers are dead.
FALSE

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: D02.01 Classify the different types of epithelial tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics.
HAPS Topic: Module D02 Microscopic anatomy, location, & functional roles of epithelial tissue.
Learning Objective: 05.01.03 Name the classes of epithelia based on cell layers and cell shapes.
Section: 05.01
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of epithelial tissue

Short Answer Questions
24.  What is a gland?

 The book defines glands as “either individual cells or multicellular organs composed predominantly of epithelial tissue. They secrete substances either for use elsewhere in the body or for elimination from the body. “ 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: D07.01 Distinguish between exocrine and endocrine glands, structurally and functionally.
HAPS Topic: Module D07 Glands (exocrine vs. endocrine).
Learning Objective: 05.01.05 Define glands.
Section: 05.01
Topic: Glands (exocrine vs. endocrine)

True / False Questions
25.  Exocrine glands secrete hormones into the blood.
FALSE

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: D07.01 Distinguish between exocrine and endocrine glands, structurally and functionally.
HAPS Topic: Module D07 Glands (exocrine vs. endocrine).
Learning Objective: 05.01.06 Distinguish between endocrine and exocrine glands.
Section: 05.01
Topic: Glands (exocrine vs. endocrine)

Multiple Choice Questions
26.  If you were to rub your finger over the surface of your face, you would notice that the skin is oily. What makes up the oil?
A. Waste material from cellular metabolism
B. Waste material (bilirubin) from dead red blood cells
C. Ruptured cells from sebaceous glands
D. Extracellular fluid not drained by the lymphatic system
E. Plasma leakage from damaged blood vessels

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D07.02 Identify example locations in the body of exocrine and endocrine glands.
HAPS Topic: Module D07 Glands (exocrine vs. endocrine).
Learning Objective: 05.01.07 List exocrine gland types based on both anatomic form and physiologic method of secretion.
Section: 05.01
Topic: Glands (exocrine vs. endocrine)

27.  You would most likely find goblet cells in what type of tissue?
A.  Cartilage
B.  Nervous tissue
C.  Muscle tissue
D.  Bone
E.  Epithelial tissue 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D07.02 Identify example locations in the body of exocrine and endocrine glands.
HAPS Topic: Module D07 Glands (exocrine vs. endocrine).
Learning Objective: 05.01.03 Name the classes of epithelia based on cell layers and cell shapes.
Section: 05.01
Topic: Glands (exocrine vs. endocrine)

28.  If a person were unable to form saliva, what type of gland could be missing or malfunctioning?
A.  Merocrine glands
B.  Holocrine glands
C.  Apocrine glands 

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Objective: D07.03 Classify the different kinds of exocrine glands based on structure and function.
HAPS Topic: Module D07 Glands (exocrine vs. endocrine).
Learning Objective: 05.01.07 List exocrine gland types based on both anatomic form and physiologic method of secretion.
Section: 05.01
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of connective tissue

29.  When mucin mixes with water, it becomes
A. fatty tissue.
B. solid.
C. mucus.
D. bone.
E. muscle.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D07.03 Classify the different kinds of exocrine glands based on structure and function.
HAPS Topic: Module D07 Glands (exocrine vs. endocrine).
Learning Objective: 05.01.03 Name the classes of epithelia based on cell layers and cell shapes.
Section: 05.01
Topic: Glands (exocrine vs. endocrine)

30.  Which of the following is not secreted by glands?
A.  Mucin
B.  Hormones
C.  DNA
D.  Enzymes
E.  Waste products 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D07.01 Distinguish between exocrine and endocrine glands, structurally and functionally.
HAPS Topic: Module D07 Glands (exocrine vs. endocrine).
Learning Objective: 05.01.05 Define glands.
Section: 05.01
Topic: Glands (exocrine vs. endocrine)

31.  Endocrine glands
A.  possess short ducts and secrete their products directly onto the skin surface.
B.  lack ducts and secrete their products onto the skin surface.
C.  possess ducts to secrete their products into the bloodstream or into interstitial fluid.
D.  lack ducts and secrete their products into the bloodstream or into interstitial fluid.
E.  secrete mucus directly into a body cavity. 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: D07.01 Distinguish between exocrine and endocrine glands, structurally and functionally.
HAPS Topic: Module D07 Glands (exocrine vs. endocrine).
Learning Objective: 05.01.06 Distinguish between endocrine and exocrine glands.
Section: 05.01
Topic: Glands (exocrine vs. endocrine)

32. The type of exocrine gland in which the entire cell disintegrates, liberating any accumulated products, is the __________ gland.
A. apocrine
B. merocrine
C. goblet cell
D. holocrine
E.  None of the choices is correct.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D07.03 Classify the different kinds of exocrine glands based on structure and function.
HAPS Topic: Module D07 Glands (exocrine vs. endocrine).
Learning Objective: 05.01.07 List exocrine gland types based on both anatomic form and physiologic method of secretion.
Section: 05.01
Topic: Glands (exocrine vs. endocrine)

33.  Endocrine glands secrete
A. sweat.
B. hormones.
C. saliva.
D. digestive enzymes.
E. All of the choices are correct.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D07.01 Distinguish between exocrine and endocrine glands, structurally and functionally.
HAPS Topic: Module D07 Glands (exocrine vs. endocrine).
Learning Objective: 05.01.06 Distinguish between endocrine and exocrine glands.
Section: 05.01
Topic: Glands (exocrine vs. endocrine)

34.  An exocrine gland has two parts:
A. a duct and a basement membrane.
B. a basement membrane and a goblet cell.
C. a brush border and a glandular portion.
D. an acinus and a brush border.
E. a duct and a secretory portion.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D07.03 Classify the different kinds of exocrine glands based on structure and function.
HAPS Topic: Module D07 Glands (exocrine vs. endocrine).
Learning Objective: 05.01.06 Distinguish between endocrine and exocrine glands.
Section: 05.01
Topic: Glands (exocrine vs. endocrine)

Fill in the Blank Questions
35.  Clusters of cells that make up the secretory portion of an exocrine gland are known as __________.
acini

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D07.03 Classify the different kinds of exocrine glands based on structure and function.
HAPS Topic: Module D07 Glands (exocrine vs. endocrine).
Learning Objective: 05.01.07 List exocrine gland types based on both anatomic form and physiologic method of secretion.
Section: 05.01
Topic: Glands (exocrine vs. endocrine)

Multiple Choice Questions
36.  Which primary tissue type would be represented by blood, body fat, ligaments and tendons, dermis of the skin, and the cartilage of some joints?

6-18-2013

A. Epithelial tissue
B. Connective tissue
C. Nervous tissue
D. Muscle tissue
E. None of the choices is correct.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D01.03 Contrast the general features of the four major tissue types.
HAPS Topic: Module D01 Overview of histology & tissue types.
Learning Objective: 05.02.07 Distinguish the types of connective tissue and the locations where each type is found.
Section: 05.02
Topic: Overview of histology and tissue types

37.  Which of the primary tissue types is most widely distributed throughout the body?
A.  Connective
B.  Muscle
C.  Nervous
D.  Epithelium 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D01.03 Contrast the general features of the four major tissue types.
HAPS Topic: Module D01 Overview of histology & tissue types.
Learning Objective: 05.02.05 Describe the functions of connective tissue.
Section: 05.02
Topic: Overview of histology and tissue types

38.  All connective tissues have three features in common. They are
A. cells, protein fibers, and mucus.
B. cells, hormones, and protein fibers.
C. protein fibers, a liquid portion, and ground substance.
D. cells, a liquid portion, and protein fibers.
E. cells, protein fibers, and ground substance.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D03.01 Classify the different types of connective tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics.
HAPS Topic: Module D03 Microscopic anatomy, location, & functional roles of connective tissue.
Learning Objective: 05.02.01 Describe the three components of connective tissue.
Section: 05.02
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of connective tissue

39.  In connective tissue, the extracellular matrix consists of
A. cells and ground substance.
B. protein fibers and ground substance.
C. cells and protein fibers.
D. ground substance and intracellular fluid.
E. ground substance only.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D03.01 Classify the different types of connective tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics.
HAPS Topic: Module D03 Microscopic anatomy, location, & functional roles of connective tissue.
Learning Objective: 05.02.01 Describe the three components of connective tissue.
Section: 05.02
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of connective tissue

40.  All connective tissue is formed from which embryonic germ layer?
A.  Endoderm
B.  Ectoderm
C.  Mucoderm
D.  Mesoderm
E.  Epiderm 

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Objective: D03.02 Describe locations in the body where each type of connective tissue can be found.
HAPS Topic: Module D03 Microscopic anatomy, location, & functional roles of connective tissue.
Learning Objective: 05.06.02 Describe the three primary germ layers and the tissues to which they give rise.
Section: 05.06
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of connective tissue

41.  Which is the first type of connective tissue to form in the embryo and the source of all other adult connective tissues?
A.  Mesenchyme
B.  Mucous
C.  Adipose
D.  Areolar
E.  Umbilical 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D03.03 Describe functions of each type of connective tissue in the human body and correlate function with structure for each tissue type.
HAPS Topic: Module D03 Microscopic anatomy, location, & functional roles of connective tissue.
Learning Objective: 05.02.06 Compare and contrast mesenchyme and mucous connective tissue.
Section: 05.02
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of connective tissue

True / False Questions
42.  Mesenchyme is found only in the umbilical cord.
FALSE

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D03.02 Describe locations in the body where each type of connective tissue can be found.
HAPS Topic: Module D03 Microscopic anatomy, location, & functional roles of connective tissue.
Learning Objective: 05.02.06 Compare and contrast mesenchyme and mucous connective tissue.
Section: 05.02
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of connective tissue

Multiple Choice Questions
43.  Which cell type, found in connective tissue proper and close to blood vessels, secretes heparin and histamine?
A.  Plasma cell
B.  Adipocyte
C.  Mast cell
D.  Fibroblast
E.  Mesenchymal cell 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D03.04 Compare and contrast the roles of individual cell types and fiber types within connective tissue.
HAPS Topic: Module D03 Microscopic anatomy, location, & functional roles of connective tissue.
Learning Objective: 05.02.02 Give examples of resident cells and wandering cells in connective tissue proper.
Section: 05.02
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of connective tissue

44.  Which cell type, found in connective tissue proper, is formed from monocytes and serves to phagocytize damaged cells or pathogens?
A.  Macrophage
B.  Plasma cell
C.  Mast cell
D.  Mesenchymal cell
E.  Adipocytes 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D03.04 Compare and contrast the roles of individual cell types and fiber types within connective tissue.
HAPS Topic: Module D03 Microscopic anatomy, location, & functional roles of connective tissue.
Learning Objective: 05.02.02 Give examples of resident cells and wandering cells in connective tissue proper.
Section: 05.02
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of connective tissue

Fill in the Blank Questions
45.  Flat cells with tapered ends that are the most abundant resident cells in connective tissue proper are known as ___________.
fibroblasts

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D03.04 Compare and contrast the roles of individual cell types and fiber types within connective tissue.
HAPS Topic: Module D03 Microscopic anatomy, location, & functional roles of connective tissue.
Learning Objective: 05.02.02 Give examples of resident cells and wandering cells in connective tissue proper.
Section: 05.02
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of connective tissue

46.  A large molecule made up of a glycosaminoglycan linked to a protein is known as a __________.
proteoglycan

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D03.01 Classify the different types of connective tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics.
HAPS Topic: Module D03 Microscopic anatomy, location, & functional roles of connective tissue.
Learning Objective: 05.02.04 Identify three types of molecules that may be found in ground substance.
Section: 05.02
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of connective tissue

Short Answer Questions
47. Describe three functions of connective tissue and provide an example for each.

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: D03.03 Describe functions of each type of connective tissue in the human body and correlate function with structure for each tissue type.
HAPS Topic: Module D03 Microscopic anatomy, location, & functional roles of connective tissue.
Learning Objective: 05.02.05 Describe the functions of connective tissue.
Section: 05.02
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of connective tissue

True / False Questions
48.  Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) are polysaccharides.
TRUE

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D03.01 Classify the different types of connective tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics.
HAPS Topic: Module D03 Microscopic anatomy, location, & functional roles of connective tissue.
Learning Objective: 05.02.04 Identify three types of molecules that may be found in ground substance.
Section: 05.02
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of connective tissue

Multiple Choice Questions
49.  Which type of connective tissue protein fiber forms a meshlike framework that provides structural support within many organs (within the spleen, for example)?
A.  Collagen fibers
B.  Reticular fibers
C.  Elastic fibers
D.  Mucoid fibers
E.  Cartilaginous fibers 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D03.04 Compare and contrast the roles of individual cell types and fiber types within connective tissue.
HAPS Topic: Module D03 Microscopic anatomy, location, & functional roles of connective tissue.
Learning Objective: 05.02.03 Name three types of protein fibers found in connective tissue.
Section: 05.02
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of connective tissue

50.  Fibronectin is an example of a(n)
A. adherent glycoprotein.
B. glycosaminoglycan.
C. proteoglycan.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D03.04 Compare and contrast the roles of individual cell types and fiber types within connective tissue.
HAPS Topic: Module D03 Microscopic anatomy, location, & functional roles of connective tissue.
Learning Objective: 05.02.04 Identify three types of molecules that may be found in ground substance.
Section: 05.02
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of connective tissue

51.  Connective tissue proper is divided into two broad categories: loose connective tissue and dense connective tissue. This classification is based upon the
A. location of the tissue.
B. size of the cells present.
C. relative proportions of cells, fibers, and ground substance present.
D. number of different cells types and their respective arrangement.
E. origin of the tissue type.

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: D03.01 Classify the different types of connective tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics.
HAPS Topic: Module D03 Microscopic anatomy, location, & functional roles of connective tissue.
Learning Objective: 05.02.07 Distinguish the types of connective tissue and the locations where each type is found.
Section: 05.02
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of connective tissue

True / False Questions
52.  Many connective tissues play a role in immune protection.
TRUE

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D03.03 Describe functions of each type of connective tissue in the human body and correlate function with structure for each tissue type.
HAPS Topic: Module D03 Microscopic anatomy, location, & functional roles of connective tissue.
Learning Objective: 05.02.05 Describe the functions of connective tissue.
Section: 05.02
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of connective tissue

Multiple Choice Questions
53.  Which type of connective tissue is found in the papillary layer of the dermis and contains all of the cell types of connective tissue proper?
A.  Adipose
B.  Reticular
C.  Dense irregular
D.  Dense regular
E.  Areolar 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D03.02 Describe locations in the body where each type of connective tissue can be found.
HAPS Topic: Module D03 Microscopic anatomy, location, & functional roles of connective tissue.
Learning Objective: 05.02.07 Distinguish the types of connective tissue and the locations where each type is found.
Section: 05.02
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of connective tissue

54.  Which type of connective tissue predominates in the deep portion of the dermis, where it lends strength to the skin?
A.  Adipose
B.  Dense regular
C.  Dense irregular
D.  Cartilage
E.  Areolar 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D03.02 Describe locations in the body where each type of connective tissue can be found.
HAPS Topic: Module D03 Microscopic anatomy, location, & functional roles of connective tissue.
Learning Objective: 05.02.07 Distinguish the types of connective tissue and the locations where each type is found.
Section: 05.02
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of connective tissue

55.  The most common type of cartilage, named for its glassy appearance, is
A. fibrocartilage.
B. hyaline cartilage.
C. elastic cartilage.
D. reticular cartilage.
E. areolar cartilage.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D03.01 Classify the different types of connective tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics.
HAPS Topic: Module D03 Microscopic anatomy, location, & functional roles of connective tissue.
Learning Objective: 05.02.07 Distinguish the types of connective tissue and the locations where each type is found.
Section: 05.02
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of connective tissue

56. Which feature is found in both cartilage and bone?
A. Chondrocyte
B. Osteocyte
C. Perichondrium
D. Central canal
E. Lacuna

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Objective: D03.01 Classify the different types of connective tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics.
HAPS Topic: Module D03 Microscopic anatomy, location, & functional roles of connective tissue.
Learning Objective: 05.02.07 Distinguish the types of connective tissue and the locations where each type is found.
Section: 05.02
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of connective tissue

57.  The internal feature of bone that makes it simultaneously strong and lightweight is the
A. presence of cartilage.
B. latticework structure of spongy bone.
C. pattern of osteons.
D. areolar connective tissue in the central cavity.
E. arrangement of collagenous fibers.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D03.03 Describe functions of each type of connective tissue in the human body and correlate function with structure for each tissue type.
HAPS Topic: Module D03 Microscopic anatomy, location, & functional roles of connective tissue.
Learning Objective: 05.02.07 Distinguish the types of connective tissue and the locations where each type is found.
Section: 05.02
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of connective tissue

58.  What unit of bone consists of a central canal (containing blood vessels, nerves, and lymph vessels) surrounded by concentric rings of calcified matrix?
A.  Canaliculus
B.  Lamella
C.  Osteon
D.  Osteocyte
E.  Trabeculum 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D03.01 Classify the different types of connective tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics.
HAPS Topic: Module D03 Microscopic anatomy, location, & functional roles of connective tissue.
Learning Objective: 05.02.07 Distinguish the types of connective tissue and the locations where each type is found.
Section: 05.02
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of connective tissue

59.  Some bone interiors contain hemopoietic tissue, which functions in
A. storing fat.
B. producing hormones.
C. making connective tissue fibers.
D. producing blood cells.
E. breaking down toxins.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D03.03 Describe functions of each type of connective tissue in the human body and correlate function with structure for each tissue type.
HAPS Topic: Module D03 Microscopic anatomy, location, & functional roles of connective tissue.
Learning Objective: 05.02.07 Distinguish the types of connective tissue and the locations where each type is found.
Section: 05.02
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of connective tissue

60.  Plasma is
A. a liquid ground substance containing dissolved proteins.
B. a dissolved ground matrix and a lining of epithelial cells.
C. a liquefied ground substance that includes several dissolved cells.
D. platelets, red blood cells, and white blood cells.
E. platelets and a watery ground substance.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D03.02 Describe locations in the body where each type of connective tissue can be found.
HAPS Topic: Module D03 Microscopic anatomy, location, & functional roles of connective tissue.
Learning Objective: 05.02.07 Distinguish the types of connective tissue and the locations where each type is found.
Section: 05.02
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of connective tissue

61.  There are four types of body membranes. Select the exception.
A.  Serous
B.  Cutaneous
C.  Mucous
D.  Cartilaginous
E.  Synovial 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D06.01 Describe the structure and function of mucous, serous, cutaneous & synovial membranes.
HAPS Topic: Module D06 Membranes (mucous, serous, cutaneous & synovial).
Learning Objective: 05.05.03 Explain the structure and functions of mucous, serous, cutaneous, and synovial membranes.
Section: 05.05
Topic: Membranes (mucous, serous, cutaneous, and synovial)

62.  The type of membrane that prevents desiccation, provides lubrication, and traps bacteria and foreign particles is
A. serous.
B. cutaneous.
C. mucous.
D. cartilaginous.
E. synovial.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D06.01 Describe the structure and function of mucous, serous, cutaneous & synovial membranes.
HAPS Topic: Module D06 Membranes (mucous, serous, cutaneous & synovial).
Learning Objective: 05.05.03 Explain the structure and functions of mucous, serous, cutaneous, and synovial membranes.
Section: 05.05
Topic: Membranes (mucous, serous, cutaneous, and synovial)

63.  The largest of the body membranes, commonly called the skin, is the _______ membrane.
A.  serous
B.  cutaneous
C.  mucous
D.  cartilaginous
E.  synovial 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D06.02 Describe locations in the body where each type of membrane can be found.
HAPS Topic: Module D06 Membranes (mucous, serous, cutaneous & synovial).
Learning Objective: 05.05.04 Identify the locations of these membranes.
Section: 05.05
Topic: Membranes (mucous, serous, cutaneous, and synovial)

64.  The heart is confined within a double-walled serous membrane sac. The part of the membrane that is in contact with the heart is the _____ layer.
A.  serous
B.  visceral
C.  parietal
D.  synovial
E.  mesothelial 

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Objective: D06.02 Describe locations in the body where each type of membrane can be found.
HAPS Topic: Module D06 Membranes (mucous, serous, cutaneous & synovial).
Learning Objective: 05.05.03 Explain the structure and functions of mucous, serous, cutaneous, and synovial membranes.
Section: 05.05
Topic: Membranes (mucous, serous, cutaneous, and synovial)

65.  Synovial membranes are composed of areolar connective tissue covered with _________ epithelial cells.
A.  squamous
B.  cuboidal
C.  columnar
D.  pseudostratified 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D06.01 Describe the structure and function of mucous, serous, cutaneous & synovial membranes.
HAPS Topic: Module D06 Membranes (mucous, serous, cutaneous & synovial).
Learning Objective: 05.05.03 Explain the structure and functions of mucous, serous, cutaneous, and synovial membranes.
Section: 05.05
Topic: Membranes (mucous, serous, cutaneous, and synovial)

66.  The type of membrane that lines many of the body’s joints is a _________ membrane.
A.  serous
B.  mucous
C.  cutaneous
D.  synovial
E.  metastatic 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D06.02 Describe locations in the body where each type of membrane can be found.
HAPS Topic: Module D06 Membranes (mucous, serous, cutaneous & synovial).
Learning Objective: 05.05.04 Identify the locations of these membranes.
Section: 05.05
Topic: Membranes (mucous, serous, cutaneous, and synovial)

67.  The type of muscle that has elongated, multinucleated cells and is under voluntary control is __________ muscle.
A.  skeletal
B.  cardiac
C.  smooth 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D04.02 Describe functions of each type of muscle tissue in the human body and correlate function with structure for each tissue type.
HAPS Topic: Module D04 Microscopic anatomy, location, & functional roles of muscular tissue.
Learning Objective: 05.03.02 Compare the functions of each type of muscle and where each type is found.
Section: 05.03
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of muscular tissue

True / False Questions
68.  Cardiac muscle is also known as visceral muscle.
FALSE

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D04.01 Classify the different types of muscle tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics and location in the body.
HAPS Topic: Module D04 Microscopic anatomy, location, & functional roles of muscular tissue.
Learning Objective: 05.03.01 Describe the structure of skeletal, cardiac, and smooth muscle.
Section: 05.03
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of muscular tissue

Multiple Choice Questions

 

69.  What type of muscle contains intercalated discs?
A.  Skeletal
B.  Cardiac
C.  Smooth 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D04.01 Classify the different types of muscle tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics and location in the body.
HAPS Topic: Module D04 Microscopic anatomy, location, & functional roles of muscular tissue.
Learning Objective: 05.03.01 Describe the structure of skeletal, cardiac, and smooth muscle.
Section: 05.03
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of muscular tissue

70.  The type of muscle that is found in blood vessel walls is __________ muscle.
A.  skeletal
B.  cardiac
C.  smooth 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D04.01 Classify the different types of muscle tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics and location in the body.
HAPS Topic: Module D04 Microscopic anatomy, location, & functional roles of muscular tissue.
Learning Objective: 05.03.02 Compare the functions of each type of muscle and where each type is found.
Section: 05.03
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of muscular tissue

Fill in the Blank Questions
71.  Intercalated discs are made up of gap junctions and __________.
desmosomes

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D04.01 Classify the different types of muscle tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics and location in the body.
HAPS Topic: Module D04 Microscopic anatomy, location, & functional roles of muscular tissue.
Learning Objective: 05.03.01 Describe the structure of skeletal, cardiac, and smooth muscle.
Section: 05.03
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of muscular tissue

Multiple Choice Questions
72.  Dendrites
A. transmit signals away from the cell body.
B. transmit signals toward the cell body.
C. manufacture proteins to be used by the neuron.
D. use hormones to transmit information.
E. release neurotransmitter.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D05.02 Describe the structure and function of neurons and neuroglial cells in nervous tissue and correlate function with structure for the different types of neuroglial cells.
HAPS Topic: Module D05 Microscopic anatomy, location, & functional roles of nervous tissue.
Learning Objective: 05.04.02 List the functions of nervous tissue.
Section: 05.04
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of nervous tissue

73.  Axons
A. transmit signals away from the cell body.
B. transmit signals toward the cell body.
C. manufacture proteins to be used by the neuron.
D. use hormones to transmit information.
E. None of the choices is correct.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D05.02 Describe the structure and function of neurons and neuroglial cells in nervous tissue and correlate function with structure for the different types of neuroglial cells.
HAPS Topic: Module D05 Microscopic anatomy, location, & functional roles of nervous tissue.
Learning Objective: 05.04.02 List the functions of nervous tissue.
Section: 05.04
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of nervous tissue

True / False Questions
74.  Glial cells transmit impulses.
FALSE

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: D05.02 Describe the structure and function of neurons and neuroglial cells in nervous tissue and correlate function with structure for the different types of neuroglial cells.
HAPS Topic: Module D05 Microscopic anatomy, location, & functional roles of nervous tissue.
Learning Objective: 05.04.02 List the functions of nervous tissue.
Section: 05.04
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of nervous tissue

Multiple Choice Questions
75.  The nucleus of a neuron is found in its
A. glioma.
B. axon.
C. cell body.
D. dendrite.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D05.02 Describe the structure and function of neurons and neuroglial cells in nervous tissue and correlate function with structure for the different types of neuroglial cells.
HAPS Topic: Module D05 Microscopic anatomy, location, & functional roles of nervous tissue.
Learning Objective: 05.04.01 Describe the structure of nervous tissue.
Section: 05.04
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of nervous tissue

True / False Questions
76.  Some neurons are longer than 1 meter.
TRUE

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D05.02 Describe the structure and function of neurons and neuroglial cells in nervous tissue and correlate function with structure for the different types of neuroglial cells.
HAPS Topic: Module D05 Microscopic anatomy, location, & functional roles of nervous tissue.
Learning Objective: 05.04.01 Describe the structure of nervous tissue.
Section: 05.04
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of nervous tissue

Multiple Choice Questions
77.  The general name given to the phenomenon that occurs when a mature epithelium changes to a different form is
A. mesothelia.
B. hyperplasia.
C. hypertrophy.
D. metaplasia.
E. neoplasia.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D02.02 Describe locations in the body where each type of epithelial tissue can be found.
HAPS Topic: Module D02 Microscopic anatomy, location, & functional roles of epithelial tissue.
Learning Objective: 05.06.03 Describe how tissues may change in form, size, or number of cells.
Section: 05.06
Topic: Tissue injury and repair

Fill in the Blank Questions
78.  The ____________ is the primary germ layer from which the brain and the rest of the nervous system develops.
ectoderm

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D05.01 Describe locations in the body where nervous tissue can be found.
HAPS Topic: Module D05 Microscopic anatomy, location, & functional roles of nervous tissue.
Learning Objective: 05.06.02 Describe the three primary germ layers and the tissues to which they give rise.
Section: 05.06
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of nervous tissue

True / False Questions
79.  All muscle tissue develops from mesoderm.
TRUE

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Objective: 05.06.02 Describe the three primary germ layers and the tissues to which they give rise.
Section: 05.06
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of muscular tissue

Multiple Choice Questions
80.  Which list is in correct developmental order?
A.  Zygote, blastocyst, embryo
B.  Blastocyst, embryo, zygote
C.  Zygote, embryo, blastocyst
D.  Blastocyst, zygote, embryo 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Objective: 05.06.01 Explain the stages of tissue development in the embryo.
Section: 05.06
Topic: Overview of histology and tissue types

81.  The epithelial linings of the respiratory and digestive systems develop from the
A. ectoderm.
B. endoderm.
C. mesoderm.
D. lumenoderm.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D02.02 Describe locations in the body where each type of epithelial tissue can be found.
HAPS Topic: Module D02 Microscopic anatomy, location, & functional roles of epithelial tissue.
Learning Objective: 05.06.02 Describe the three primary germ layers and the tissues to which they give rise.
Section: 05.06
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of epithelial tissue

82.  When hyperplasia proceeds out of control, a tumor may develop. This condition is termed
A. hypertrophy.
B. neoplasia.
C. atrophy.
D. metaplasia.
E. fibrosis.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Objective: 05.06.03 Describe how tissues may change in form, size, or number of cells.
Section: 05.06
Topic: Tissue injury and repair

True / False Questions
83.  Hyperplasia is an increase in the number of cells in a tissue. 
TRUE

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Objective: 05.06.03 Describe how tissues may change in form, size, or number of cells.
Section: 05.06
Topic: Tissue injury and repair

Multiple Choice Questions
84.  Shrinkage of tissue by a decrease in either cell number or cell size is termed
A. hypertrophy.
B. neoplasia.
C. atrophy.
D. metaplasia.
E. fibrosis.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D08.01 Describe how injuries affect epithelial, connective, muscular, and nervous tissues.
HAPS Topic: Module D08 Tissue injury & repair.
Learning Objective: 05.06.03 Describe how tissues may change in form, size, or number of cells.
Section: 05.06
Topic: Tissue injury and repair

85.  With age, connective tissues
A. become more flexible.
B. become thinner.
C. lose their blood supply.
D. lose their pliability and resiliency.
E. increase in mass.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Objective: 05.06.04 List some changes that occur in tissues with age.
Section: 05.06
Topic: Effects of aging on tissues

Fill in the Blank Questions
86.  The term used to describe tissue death is _________.
necrosis

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D08.01 Describe how injuries affect epithelial, connective, muscular, and nervous tissues.
HAPS Topic: Module D08 Tissue injury & repair.
Learning Objective: 05.06.03 Describe how tissues may change in form, size, or number of cells.
Section: 05.06
Topic: Tissue injury and repair

Multiple Choice Questions
87.  With age, epithelial tissues
A. become more flexible.
B. become thinner.
C. lose their blood supply.
D. lose resiliency but gain pliability.
E. increase in mass.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Objective: 05.06.04 List some changes that occur in tissues with age.
Section: 05.06
Topic: Effects of aging on tissues

88.  With age, bones
A. become more flexible.
B. become brittle.
C. lose their blood supply.
D. increase their pliability.
E. increase in mass.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Objective: 05.06.04 List some changes that occur in tissues with age.
Section: 05.06
Topic: Effects of aging on tissues

89.  The two types of cells that make up the nervous system are
A. macrophages and mast cells.
B. neurons and chondrocytes.
C. mast cells and fibrocytes.
D. neurons and mast cells.
E. neurons and glial cells.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D05.02 Describe the structure and function of neurons and neuroglial cells in nervous tissue and correlate function with structure for the different types of neuroglial cells.
HAPS Topic: Module D05 Microscopic anatomy, location, & functional roles of nervous tissue.
Learning Objective: 05.04.01 Describe the structure of nervous tissue.
Section: 05.04
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of nervous tissue

90.  Where in the body would you find a glial cell?
A.  In the stomach
B.  In the cardiovascular system
C.  In the immune system
D.  In the nervous system
E.  In the skeletal system 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D05.01 Describe locations in the body where nervous tissue can be found.
HAPS Topic: Module D05 Microscopic anatomy, location, & functional roles of nervous tissue.
Learning Objective: 05.04.01 Describe the structure of nervous tissue.
Section: 05.04
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of nervous tissue

91. The primary role of epithelial tissue in the stomach is
A. housing blood vessels and nerves.
B. secretion of substances for chemical digestion.
C. mixing and propulsion of foodstuffs.
D. regulation of contraction.

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: D02.02 Describe locations in the body where each type of epithelial tissue can be found.
Learning Objective: 05.05.02 Explain the roles of different tissues in an organ.
Section: 05.05
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of epithelial tissue

True / False Questions
92.  An organ is made up of only one tissue type; for example, the heart is made of cardiac muscle.
FALSE

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: D01.01 Define the term histology.
HAPS Topic: Module D01 Overview of histology & tissue types.
Learning Objective: 05.05.01 Define an organ.
Section: 05.05
Topic: Overview of histology and tissue types

 

Fill in the Blank Questions
93.  The type of tissue that helps mechanically mix materials within the digestive system organs is ________ muscle.
smooth  or  visceral  or  involuntary

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D04.02 Describe functions of each type of muscle tissue in the human body and correlate function with structure for each tissue type.
HAPS Topic: Module D04 Microscopic anatomy, location, & functional roles of muscular tissue.
Learning Objective: 05.05.02 Explain the roles of different tissues in an organ.
Section: 05.05
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of muscular tissue

Multiple Choice Questions
94. Suppose that you had a congenital condition that prevented your body from forming holocrine glands. If that were the case, which statement would be most accurate?
A. Your skin would become excessively dry for lack of oil from sebaceous glands.
B. You would be unable to digest your food.
C. Your bones would be like rubber.
D. Your nerves could not transmit signals.
E. You would have difficulty breathing.

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Objective: D07.02 Identify example locations in the body of exocrine and endocrine glands.
HAPS Topic: Module D07 Glands (exocrine vs. endocrine).
Learning Objective: 05.01.07 List exocrine gland types based on both anatomic form and physiologic method of secretion.
Section: 05.01
Topic: Glands (exocrine vs. endocrine)

95.  Mucous connective tissue is found only in
A. the cartilage of the nose.
B. certain bones of the skull.
C. the umbilical cord.
D. serous fluid.
E. fibers of the respiratory system.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D03.02 Describe locations in the body where each type of connective tissue can be found.
HAPS Topic: Module D03 Microscopic anatomy, location, & functional roles of connective tissue.
Learning Objective: 05.02.06 Compare and contrast mesenchyme and mucous connective tissue.
Section: 05.02
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of connective tissue

96.  Which connective tissue cells produce antibodies?
A. Mast cells
B. Fibroblasts
C. Plasma cells
D. Mesenchymal cells
E. Fixed macrophages

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D03.04 Compare and contrast the roles of individual cell types and fiber types within connective tissue.
HAPS Topic: Module D03 Microscopic anatomy, location, & functional roles of connective tissue.
Learning Objective: 05.02.02 Give examples of resident cells and wandering cells in connective tissue proper.
Section: 05.02
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of connective tissue

97.  What is the most abundant protein in the body, forming about 25% of all body protein?
A.  Myosin
B.  Elastin
C.  Actin
D.  Fibrogen
E.  Collagen 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D03.04 Compare and contrast the roles of individual cell types and fiber types within connective tissue.
HAPS Topic: Module D03 Microscopic anatomy, location, & functional roles of connective tissue.
Learning Objective: 05.02.03 Name three types of protein fibers found in connective tissue.
Section: 05.02
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of connective tissue

98. What feature of your ear accounts for its ability to regain its shape after it has been deformed or compressed?
A. The elastic fibers present in the ear’s cartilage
B. The elastic fibers present in the ear’s muscles
C.  The ear’s built-in memory based upon its overall size and shape
D.  The abundance of reticular fibers forming a dense meshwork
E.  The elastic fibers in the ear’s skin that contract after being stretched

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D03.04 Compare and contrast the roles of individual cell types and fiber types within connective tissue.
HAPS Topic: Module D03 Microscopic anatomy, location, & functional roles of connective tissue.
Learning Objective: 05.02.07 Distinguish the types of connective tissue and the locations where each type is found.
Section: 05.02
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of connective tissue

99.  Where in the body would you expect to find a perichondrium?
A.  Covering bones
B.  Lining kidney tubules
C.  Covering the heart
D.  Inside of the brain
E.  Covering cartilage 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D03.01 Classify the different types of connective tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics.
HAPS Topic: Module D03 Microscopic anatomy, location, & functional roles of connective tissue.
Learning Objective: 05.02.07 Distinguish the types of connective tissue and the locations where each type is found.
Section: 05.02
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of connective tissue

100.  Suppose that you were involved in an automobile accident and suffered a back injury. When examined by your physician you are told that you have a slipped disc in the lower back. What type of tissue is involved?
A.  Adipose tissue
B.  Bone
C.  Elastic cartilage
D.  Fibrocartilage
E.  Dense regular connective tissue 

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Objective: D03.02 Describe locations in the body where each type of connective tissue can be found.
HAPS Topic: Module D03 Microscopic anatomy, location, & functional roles of connective tissue.
Learning Objective: 05.02.07 Distinguish the types of connective tissue and the locations where each type is found.
Section: 05.02
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of connective tissue

101.  A skeletal muscle fiber is
A. an elongated series of muscles held together by dense connective tissue.
B. a collection of several muscles bound together by a membrane.
C. a skeletal muscle cell.
D. found only in cardiac muscle.
E. a contractile filament within the osteon of bone.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D04.01 Classify the different types of muscle tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics and location in the body.
HAPS Topic: Module D04 Microscopic anatomy, location, & functional roles of muscular tissue.
Learning Objective: 05.03.01 Describe the structure of skeletal, cardiac, and smooth muscle.
Section: 05.03
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of muscular tissue

102.  If you were examining a microscope slide containing a type of muscle tissue and observed a branching network of striated cells, each with one or two central nuclei, you could conclude that you were looking at _____ muscle.
A.  smooth
B.  skeletal
C.  cardiac
D.  osseous
E.  voluntary 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D04.03 Identify the different types of muscle tissue using proper microscope technique.
HAPS Topic: Module D04 Microscopic anatomy, location, & functional roles of muscular tissue.
Learning Objective: 05.03.01 Describe the structure of skeletal, cardiac, and smooth muscle.
Section: 05.03
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of muscular tissue

103.  Which type of muscle contains fusiform cells that function to propel materials through hollow organs?
A.  Voluntary
B.  Striated
C.  Smooth
D.  Skeletal 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D04.01 Classify the different types of muscle tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics and location in the body.
HAPS Topic: Module D04 Microscopic anatomy, location, & functional roles of muscular tissue.
Learning Objective: 05.03.02 Compare the functions of each type of muscle and where each type is found.
Section: 05.03
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of muscular tissue

104.  The nucleus and other organelles of a neuron are primarily housed in which part of the cell?
A. Axon
B. Dendrite
C. Glial cell
D. Cell body
E.  None of the choices is correct.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D05.02 Describe the structure and function of neurons and neuroglial cells in nervous tissue and correlate function with structure for the different types of neuroglial cells.
HAPS Topic: Module D05 Microscopic anatomy, location, & functional roles of nervous tissue.
Learning Objective: 05.04.01 Describe the structure of nervous tissue.
Section: 05.05
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of nervous tissue

105.  A tissue transplant from an animal to a human is a(n)
A. autograft.
B. syngenetic graft.
C. allograft.
D. heterograft.
E. homograft.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Objective: 05.06.01 Explain the stages of tissue development in the embryo.
Section: 05.06
Topic: Tissue injury and repair

106.  A tissue transplant from one person to another (one who is not genetically identical) is a(n)
A. autograft.
B. syngenetic graft.
C. allograft.
D. heterograft.
E. homograft.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Objective: 05.06.04 List some changes that occur in tissues with age.
Section: 05.06
Topic: Tissue injury and repair

107.  Suppose you cut your finger only slightly in what is known as a “paper cut.” You observe that the cut hurts but it doesn’t bleed. How would you interpret your observation?
A.  Nerve endings occur in epithelium but blood vessels do not.
B.  The paper severed the skin, missing blood vessels, but hitting nerve endings.
C.  Very thin cuts never draw blood but do sever nerves.
D.  You probably have some unknown condition related to blood clotting.
E.  The paper had some factor that prevented the release of blood but not the sensation of pain. 

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Objective: D02.03 Describe the functions of each type of epithelial tissue in the human body and correlate function with structure for each tissue type.
HAPS Topic: Module D02 Microscopic anatomy, location, & functional roles of epithelial tissue.
Learning Objective: 05.01.01 Describe the common features of epithelial tissue.
Section: 05.01
Topic: Tissue injury and repair
Figure: 05.05

108. Number 1 indicates a simple _____ gland.
A. tubular
B. acinar
C. branched tubular
D. branched acinar
E. coiled tubular

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Figure: 05.06
HAPS Objective: D07.03 Classify the different kinds of exocrine glands based on structure and function.
HAPS Topic: Module D07 Glands (exocrine vs. endocrine).
Learning Objective: 05.01.07 List exocrine gland types based on both anatomic form and physiologic method of secretion.
Section: 05.01
Topic: Glands (exocrine vs. endocrine)

109. Number 2 indicates a compound _____ gland.
A. coiled acinar
B. coiled tubular
C. tubular
D. tubuloacinar
E. acinar

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Figure: 05.06
HAPS Objective: D07.03 Classify the different kinds of exocrine glands based on structure and function.
HAPS Topic: Module D07 Glands (exocrine vs. endocrine).
Learning Objective: 05.01.07 List exocrine gland types based on both anatomic form and physiologic method of secretion.
Section: 05.01
Topic: Glands (exocrine vs. endocrine)
Figure: 05.07

110. In this image showing connective tissue components, what structure does number 1 indicate?
A. Mesenchymal cell
B. Fibroblast
C. Adipocyte
D. Macrophage
E. Extracellular matrix

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Figure: 05.08
HAPS Objective: D03.04 Compare and contrast the roles of individual cell types and fiber types within connective tissue.
HAPS Topic: Module D03 Microscopic anatomy, location, & functional roles of connective tissue.
Learning Objective: 05.02.01 Describe the three components of connective tissue.
Section: 05.02
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of connective tissue

111. In this image showing connective tissue components, what structure does number 2 indicate?
A. Mesenchymal cell
B. Fibroblast
C. Adipocyte
D. Macrophage
E. Extracellular matrix

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Figure: 05.08
HAPS Objective: D03.04 Compare and contrast the roles of individual cell types and fiber types within connective tissue.
HAPS Topic: Module D03 Microscopic anatomy, location, & functional roles of connective tissue.
Learning Objective: 05.02.01 Describe the three components of connective tissue.
Section: 05.02
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of connective tissue

anatomy and physiology an integrative approach 2nd edition test bank

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Table of Contents

1. Sciences of Anatomy and Physiology
2. Atoms, ScIons, and Molecules
3. Energy, Chemical Reactions, and Glucose Metabolism
4. Biology of the Cell
5. Tissue Organization
6. Integumentary System
7. Skeletal System: Bone Structure and Function
8. Skeletal System: Axial and Appendicular Skeleton
9. Skeletal System: Articulations
10. Muscular System: Muscle Tissue
11. Muscular System: Axial and Appendicular Muscles
12. Nervous System: Nervous Tissue
13. Nervous System: Brain and Cranial Nerves
14. Nervous System: Spinal Cord and Spinal Nerves
15. Nervous System: Autonomic Nervous System
16. Nervous System: Senses
17. Endocrine System
18. Cardiovascular System: Blood
19. Cardiovascular System: The Heart
20. Cardiovascular System: Vessels and Circulation
21. Lymphatic System
22. The Immune System and the Body’s Defense
23. Respiratory System
24. Urinary System
25. Fluid and Electrolytes
26. Digestive System
27. Nutrition, Regulation of Metabolism, Energy, and Heat
28. Reproductive System
29. Development,Pregnancy, and Heredity
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