Contemporary Maternal-Newborn Nursing Care 8th edition Ladewig, London, Davidson Test Bank

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  • Published: 2013
  • ISBN-10: 0132843218
  • ISBN-13: 978-0132843218

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contemporary maternal-newborn nursing care 8th edition test bank

Ladewig, Contemporary Maternal-Newborn Nursing, 8/E
Chapter 01

Question 1

Type: MCSA

During a prenatal visit, a patient expresses interest in accessing community-based care and services. Which response allows the registered nurse to best describe services that are offered by way of community-based care?

  1. “Most healthcare services provided to childbearing women and their families take place in a hospital setting.”
  2. “Community-based care can provide a patient with certain primary care services.”
  3. “Nurses are the sole providers of services related to home care.”
  4. “Due to lack of support from third-party payers, community-based care has decreased.”

Correct Answer: 2

Rationale 1: The majority of health care provided to childbearing women and their families takes place outside of hospital in clinics, offices, community-based organizations, and private homes.

Rationale 2: Primary care includes health promotion and illness prevention, and it features services that are best provided in community-based settings.

Rationale 3: While nurses are the major providers of home care services, healthcare providers in various other fields, such as physical therapy, also offer home care services.

Rationale 4: As third-party payers begin to recognize the importance of primary care in containing costs and maintaining health, community-based care has increased.

Global Rationale:

 

Cognitive Level: Applying

Client Need: Health Promotion and Maintenance

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Implementation

Learning Outcome: LO01 – Describe the use of community-based nursing care in meeting the needs of childbearing families.

 

Question 2

Type: MCSA

The labor and delivery nurse and a nurse new to the labor and delivery unit are admitting a laboring patient. The patient is making groaning guttural sounds during contractions and answering questions with one-word answers. The labor and delivery nurse simultaneously is quickly setting up the instruments and sterile field for this delivery while asking the admission questions between contractions. The experienced labor and delivery nurse has not yet completed a pelvic exam. The nurse new to labor and delivery understands that this is an example of:

  1. An expert nurse assessing advanced labor and imminent delivery in the patient.
  2. The correct order of steps when admitting a laboring patient.
  3. Inconsistencies in an individual nurse’s approach to patient care.
  4. Advanced nurse practice.

Correct Answer: 1

Rationale 1: An expert nurse utilizes multiple aspects of a patient’s behavior (including the length of each response to a question and sounds the patient produces during contractions) in addition to the more objective findings of the pelvic exam (including dilation of the cervix) in the assessment of a laboring patient. The expert nurse has identified that the grunting and guttural sounds during contractions are involuntary pushing and that the patient is very close to delivery.

Rationale 2: Although most nurses have a routine when admitting a patient, the order of the steps will vary according to the situation at hand.

Rationale 3: Changing the order of the steps of admission is not being inconsistent; changing the order of the steps of admission is responsive to the needs of the patient at that point in time.

Rationale 4: Advanced nurse practice describes educational and certification achievement and is not used to describe the continuum from novice to expert.

Global Rationale:

 

Cognitive Level: Analyzing

Client Need: Health Promotion and Maintenance

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Assessment

Learning Outcome: LO02 – Distinguish among the education, qualifications, and scopes of practice in nurses caring for childbearing families.

 

Question 3

Type: MCSA

Currently, one-third of children under 20 years old come from families of minority populations. The new nurse is observing her preceptor assess the patient’s communication pattern, religious beliefs, level of education, and support system. The new nurse understands that the best reason for her preceptor to assess these areas is to increase the:

  1. Patient’s cooperation with the plan of care.
  2. Hospital’s compliance with the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations JCAHO standards.
  3. Nurse’s knowledge of cultural beliefs.
  4. Patient’s satisfaction with her care.

Correct Answer: 1

Rationale 1: Gaining cooperation with the plan of care increases the outcome desired at discharge. When a patient’s value system is not included in the plan of care, it will decrease compliance with the treatment plan and possibly increase the length of stay and decrease the desired outcome at discharge.

Rationale 2: Although compliance with JCAHO standards is very important, it is more important to gain patient cooperation with the plan of care.

Rationale 3: The nurse’s knowledge of cultural beliefs increases the ability to care for the patient, but without patient cooperation with the plan of care, the nurse’s knowledge is lost.

Rationale 4: Patient satisfaction with care is important, but the prime reason for the satisfaction is the nurse’s taking time to gain patient cooperation with the plan of care.

Global Rationale:

 

Cognitive Level: Analyzing

Client Need: Health Promotion and Maintenance

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Planning

Learning Outcome: LO02 – Distinguish among the education, qualifications, and scopes of practice in nurses caring for childbearing families.

 

Question 4

Type: MCSA

The patient at 30 weeks’ gestation expresses a desire for the registered nurse to independently manage her perinatal care and the birth of her baby. When the nurse explains she is not credentialed to independently manage the patient’s perinatal care and delivery, the nurse is recognizing principles related to:

  1. Standards of care.
  2. Scope of practice.
  3. Right to privacy.
  4. Informed consent.

Correct Answer: 2

Rationale 1: Standards of care pertain to established minimum criteria for competent, proficient actions related to delivery of nursing care.

Rationale 2: Scope of practice is defined as the limits of nursing practice set forth in state statutes.

Rationale 3: Right to privacy involves the legal right of a person to keep her or his person and property free from public scrutiny.

Rationale 4: Informed consent is a legal concept that protects a patient’s right to autonomy and self-determination in terms of his or her care.

Global Rationale:

 

Cognitive Level: Understanding

Client Need: Safe Effective Care Environment

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Evaluation

Learning Outcome: LO02 – Distinguish among the education, qualifications, and scopes of practice in nurses caring for childbearing families

 

Question 5

Type: MCMA

The certified nurse–midwife (CNM) role includes which of the following?

Standard Text: Select all that apply.

  1. Is prepared to manage independently the care of women at low risk for complications during pregnancy and birth
  2. Gives primary care for high-risk patients who are in hospital settings
  3. Gives primary care for healthy newborns
  4. Obtains a physician consultation for any technical procedures at delivery
  5. Is educated in two disciplines of nursing

Correct Answer: 1,3,5

Rationale 1: A CNM is prepared to manage independently the care of women at low risk for complications during pregnancy and birth.

Rationale 2: CNMs cannot give primary care for high-risk patients who are in hospital settings. The physician provides the primary care for high-risk patients who are in hospital settings.

Rationale 3: A CNM is prepared to manage independently the care of healthy newborns.

Rationale 4: The CNM does not need to obtain a physician consultation for any technical procedures at delivery.

Rationale 5: The CNM is educated in the disciplines of nursing and midwifery.

Global Rationale:

 

Cognitive Level: Understanding

Client Need: Health Promotion and Maintenance

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Assessment

Learning Outcome: LO03 – Identify the nursing roles available to the maternal–newborn nurse.

 

Question 6

Type: MCMA

The new graduate is learning about advanced practice nursing. Which of the following situations best illustrates an advanced practice nursing role?

Standard Text: Select all that apply.

  1. An experienced registered nurse who is the manager of a large obstetrical unit
  2. A registered nurse who is the circulating nurse at surgical (cesarean) deliveries
  3. A clinical nurse specialist who is working as a staff nurse on a mother–baby unit
  4. A nurse practitioner who is consulting with a physician in the newborn nursery
  5. A nurse–midwife attending vaginal deliveries of uncomplicated pregnancies

Correct Answer: 4,5

Rationale 1: Management roles are often held by professional nurses.

Rationale 2: Unit-specific skills such as circulating during cesarean births do not require additional formal education.

Rationale 3: An advanced practice nurse working as a staff nurse is not working in the role of advanced practice.

Rationale 4: Advanced practice nurses have received additional specialized education beyond registered nursing and tend to have a clinical focus. Nurse practitioners make clinical judgment and begin treatment and consult a physician as needed.

Rationale 5: It is within the scope of practice for certified nurse–midwives to attend deliveries of essentially normal patients with essentially normal pregnancies.

Global Rationale:

 

Cognitive Level: Understanding

Client Need: Health Promotion and Maintenance

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Assessment

Learning Outcome: LO03 – Identify the nursing roles available to the maternal–newborn nurse.

 

Question 7

Type: MCSA

The major focus of the nurse practitioner is on:

  1. Leadership.
  2. Physical and psychosocial clinical assessment.
  3. Independent care of the high-risk, pregnant patient.
  4. Tertiary prevention.

Correct Answer: 2

Rationale 1: Leadership might be a quality of the NP, but it is not the major focus.

Rationale 2: Physical and psychosocial clinical assessment is the major focus of the nurse practitioner (NP), who provides care in many different clinical settings.

Rationale 3: NPs cannot provide independent care of the high-risk pregnant patient but must work under a physician’s supervision.

Rationale 4: The NP cannot do tertiary prevention as a major focus.

Global Rationale:

 

Cognitive Level: Understanding

Client Need: Safe Effective Care Environment

Client Need Sub: Management of Care

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Assessment

Learning Outcome: LO03 – Identify the nursing roles available to the maternal–newborn nurse.

 

Question 8

Type: MCSA

The nurse is reviewing charts for quality improvement. A patient experienced a complication during labor. The nurse is uncertain if the labor nurse took the appropriate action during the situation. What is the best method for the quality improvement nurse to determine what the appropriate action by the nurse should have been?

  1. Call the nurse manager of the labor and delivery unit and ask what the nurse should have done.
  2. Ask the departmental chair of the obstetrical physicians what the best nursing action should have been.
  3. Examine other charts to find cases of the same complication, and determine how it was handled in those situations.
  4. Look in the policy and procedure book, and examine the practice guidelines published by a professional nursing organization.

Correct Answer: 4

Rationale 1: The nurse should find the standards herself and not rely on another person, such as the labor and delivery nurse manager, to determine appropriateness of care.

Rationale 2: Physician care and nursing care are very different; physicians might not be up to date on nursing standards of care or nursing policies and procedures.

Rationale 3: What nursing action was undertaken in a different situation might not be based on the policies and procedures or other standards of care. The quality improvement nurse will obtain the most accurate information by examining the policies, procedures, and standards of care.

Rationale 4: Agency policies, procedures, and protocols contain guidelines for nursing action in specific situations. Professional organizations such as the Association of Women’s Health, Obstetrical, and Neonatal Nurses (AWHONN) also publish standards of practice that should guide nursing care.

Global Rationale:

 

Cognitive Level: Evaluating

Client Need: Safe Effective Care Environment

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Evaluation

Learning Outcome: LO04 – Identify legal and ethical principles in the practice of maternal–newborn nursing.

 

Question 9

Type: MCSA

According to the 1973 U.S. Supreme Court decision in Roe v. Wade, abortion is legal if induced:

  1. At a federally funded clinic.
  2. Before the period of viability.
  3. To provide tissue for therapeutic research.
  4. At a military hospital overseas.

Correct Answer: 2

Rationale 1: At a federally funded clinic, abortions can be provided legally if under United States laws.

Rationale 2: Abortion can be performed legally until the period of viability; after viability, the rights of the fetus take precedence.

Rationale 3: Abortion cannot be used to provide tissue for therapeutic research.

Rationale 4: At a military hospital overseas, abortions can be provided legally if under United States laws.

Global Rationale:

 

Cognitive Level: Understanding

Client Need: Safe Effective Care Environment

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Assessment

Learning Outcome: LO04 -Identify legal and ethical principles in the practice of maternal–newborn nursing.

 

Question 10

Type: MCSA

The nurse is caring for a patient who has delivered her first child. The patient states, “My mother said that I have to have a bowel movement before I can go home, but my girlfriend said that isn’t true anymore. What caused this change?” Which response by the nurse is best?

  1. “Doctors just want patients to go home sooner these days.”
  2. “It really doesn’t matter. Don’t worry about it.”
  3. “Research indicates it is normal for bowel function to slow for a few days.”
  4. “We used to give all patients laxatives, but now they cost too much.”

Correct Answer: 3

Rationale 1: Cost containment and managed care are the driving forces behind some changes in care compared to a generation ago, not physician preference.

Rationale 2: Always address a patient’s questions and avoid saying “don’t worry about it” to keep communication therapeutic.

Rationale 3: Evidence-based practice is the use of research findings to guide nursing actions, policies, and procedures. Often research findings contradict care that used to be the norm, leading to changes in policies and procedures.

Rationale 4: Although laxatives are low-cost medications, there is no evidence indicating that all patients should receive them after childbirth. The evidence indicates that bowel function slows slightly after birth and normally resumes in a few days.

Global Rationale:

 

Cognitive Level: Evaluating

Client Need: Health Promotion and Maintenance

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Implementation

Learning Outcome: LO05 – Identify the impact of evidence-based practice in improving the quality of nursing care for childbearing families.

 

Question 11

Type: MCMA

Which of the following practices characterize the basic competencies related to evidence-based practice?

Standard Text: Select all that apply.

  1. Clinical practice supported by good evidence
  2. Clinical practice supported by intuitive evidence
  3. Clinical practice supported by data
  4. Clinical practice that promotes quality
  5. Clinical practice that provides a useful approach to problem solving

Correct Answer: 1,3,4,5

Rationale 1: Clinical practice supported by good evidence is one of the hallmark characteristics of the basic competencies related to evidence-based practice.

Rationale 2: Clinical practice supported by intuitive evidence does not provide valid evidence and data for the proper actions.

Rationale 3: Clinical practice supported by data is one of the hallmark characteristics of the basic competencies related to evidence-based practice.

Rationale 4: Clinical practice that promotes quality is one of the hallmark characteristics of the basic competencies related to evidence-based practice.

Rationale 5: Clinical practice that provides a useful approach to problem solving is one of the hallmark characteristics of the basic competencies related to evidence-based practice.

Global Rationale:

 

Cognitive Level: Understanding

Client Need: Safe Effective Care Environment

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Assessment

Learning Outcome: LO05 – Identify the impact of evidence-based practice in improving the quality of nursing care for childbearing families.

 

Question 12

Type: MCSA

The nurse is preparing a report on the number of births by three service providers at the facility (certified nurse–midwives, family practitioners, and obstetricians). This would be an example of:

  1. Inferential statistics.
  2. Descriptive statistics.
  3. Evidence-based practice is the use of conclusions of research to improve nursing care.
  4. Secondary use of data.

Correct Answer: 2

Rationale 1: Inferential statistics allow the investigator to draw conclusions from data to either support or refute causation.

Rationale 2: Descriptive statistics concisely describe phenomena such as births by providers.

Rationale 3: Evidence-based practice.

Rationale 4: Secondary use of data is analyzing data a different way than the original data analysis was undertaken or looking at different variables from a data set.

Global Rationale:

 

Cognitive Level: Analyzing

Client Need: Safe Effective Care Environment

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Implementation

Learning Outcome: LO06 – Explain how nurses can use descriptive and inferential statistics in clinical practice in maternal–child health nursing.

 

Question 13

Type: MCSA

An example of descriptive statistics is:

  1. A positive correlation between breastfeeding and infant weight gain.
  2. The infant mortality rate in the state of Oklahoma.
  3. A causal relationship between the number of sexual partners and sexually transmitted diseases.
  4. The total number of spontaneous abortions in drug-abusing women as compared with non-drug-abusing women.

Correct Answer: 2

Rationale 1: A positive correlation between two or more variables is an example of inferential statistics.

Rationale 2: The infant mortality rate in the state of Oklahoma is an example of a descriptive statistic because it describes or summarizes a set of data.

Rationale 3: A causal relationship between the number of sexual partners and sexually transmitted diseases is an example of inferential statistics.

Rationale 4: The total number of spontaneous abortions in drug-abusing women also would be an inferential statistic.

Global Rationale:

 

Cognitive Level: Analyzing

Client Need: Health Promotion and Maintenance

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Assessment

Learning Outcome: LO06 – Explain how nurses can use descriptive and inferential statistics in clinical practice in maternal–child health nursing.

 

Question 14

Type: MCSA

The 2011 estimated infant mortality rate in the United States exceeds the infant mortality rate of several other developed countries, including Sweden, Japan, France, Germany, and Canada. Which research question most effectively explores variables that may potentially influence these statistics?

  1. What is the average age of healthcare providers in each country?
  2. What is the level of racial diversity in each country?
  3. What is the average age of children in each country?
  4. What is the level of awareness related to contraception in each country?

Correct Answer: 2

Rationale 1: The age of healthcare providers does provide insight as to national infant mortality rates.

Rationale 2: Racial background can impact infant mortality rates.

Rationale 3: The average age of children does not provide insight as to the rate of infant mortality.

Rationale 4: Awareness related to contraception has no direct impact on the survival of infants after birth.

Global Rationale:

 

Cognitive Level: Analyzing

Client Need: Health Promotion and Maintenance

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Evaluation

Learning Outcome: LO07 – Discuss how available statistical data can be used to formulate further research questions.

 

Question 15

Type: MCSA

The nurse knows the birth rate by age group in the state. Which research question could be developed for further study from this data?

  1. What is the average number of children per family in the United States?
  2. How does educational level affect the incidence of unplanned pregnancy?
  3. What is the overall nutritional status of adolescents?
  4. Which high schools provide day care for student parents?

Correct Answer: 2

Rationale 1: Determining the average number of children nationally will not yield additional information about this state.

Rationale 2: Research questions often come from a nurse’s desire to further understand an issue. How educational level affects the incidence of unplanned pregnancy is a question that flows from the known data of birth rate by age group.

Rationale 3: Studying the nutritional status of adolescents will not yield additional information about this state.

Rationale 4: Schools that provide student parent day care might indicate the incidence of teen pregnancy in the population served by the school but not pregnancy rates of those who are not in high school.

Global Rationale:

 

Cognitive Level: Applying

Client Need: Health Promotion and Maintenance

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Planning

Learning Outcome: LO07 – Discuss how available statistical data can be used to formulate further research questions.

 

Question 16

Type: MCSA

The major focus of the clinical nurse specialist (CNS) involves:

  1. Conducting physical and psychosocial assessments, including history, physical examination, and certain diagnostic tests and procedures.
  2. Independently managing the care of women at low risk for complications during pregnancy and birth and the care of healthy newborns.
  3. Generating new research relevant to topics such as health care and administrative issues.
  4. Demonstrating leadership within his or her specialty and working to improve inpatient care both directly and indirectly.

Correct Answer: 4

Rationale 1: Physical and psychosocial clinical assessment is the major focus of the nurse practitioner (NP), who provides care in many different clinical settings.

Rationale 2: The certified nurse-midwife (CNM) is qualified to provide independent care of the low-risk pregnant client while seeking physician consultation as needed.

Rationale 3: Nurse researchers have an advanced doctoral degree, typically a PhD, and assume a leadership role in generating new research.

Rationale 4: The CNS assumes a leadership role within his or her specialty and works to improve inpatient care both directly and indirectly.

Global Rationale:

 

Cognitive Level: Understanding

Client Need: Safe Effective Care Environment

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Evaluation

Learning Outcome: LO03 – Identify the nursing roles available to the maternal-newborn nurse.

contemporary maternal-newborn nursing care 8th edition test bank

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