Pharmacology for Nurses: A Pathophysiologic Approach 3rd edition Adams Test Bank

$5.00

  • Download: pharmacology for nurses 3rd edition adams test bank
  • Price: $5
  • Published: 2010
  • ISBN-10: 0135089816
  • ISBN-13: 978-0135089811

Description

pharmacology for nurses 3rd edition adams test bank

 

You Get A Test Bank for Every Chapter.

UNIT 1 Core Concepts in Pharmacology

Chapter 1       Introduction to Pharmacology: Drug Regulation and Approval

Chapter 2       Drug Classes and Schedules

Chapter 3       Principles of Drug Administration

Chapter 4       Pharmacokinetics

Chapter 5       Pharmacodynamics

UNIT 2 Pharmacology and the Nurse-Patient Relationship

Chapter 6       The Nursing Process in Pharmacology

Chapter 7       Drug Administration Throughout the Lifespan                       

Chapter 8       Psychosocial, Gender, and Cultural Influences on Pharmacotherapy

Chapter 9       Medication Errors and Risk Reduction

Chapter 10     Herbal and Alternative Therapies

Chapter 11     Substance Abuse

Chapter 12     Emergency Preparedness and Poisonings

UNIT 3 The Nervous System

Chapter 13     Drugs Affecting the Autonomic Nervous System

Chapter 14     Drugs for Anxiety and Insomnia

Chapter 15     Drugs for Seizures

Chapter 16     Drugs for Emotional and Mood Disorders

Chapter 17     Drugs for Psychoses

Chapter 18     Drugs for the Control of Pain

Chapter 19     Drugs for Local and General Anesthesia

Chapter 20     Drugs for Degenerative Diseases of the Nervous System

Chapter 21     Drugs for Neuromuscular Disorders

UNIT 4 The Cardiovascular and Urinary Systems  

Chapter 22     Drugs for Lipid Disorders

Chapter 23     Drugs for Hypertension

Chapter 24     Drugs for Heart Failure

Chapter 25     Drugs for Angina Pectoris and Myocardial Infarction

Chapter 26     Drugs for Dysrhythmias

Chapter 27     Drugs for Coagulation Disorders

Chapter 28     Drugs for Hematopoietic Disorders

Chapter 29     Drugs for Shock

Chapter 30     Diuretic Therapy and Drugs for Renal Failure

Chapter 31     Drugs for Fluid Balance, Electrolyte, and Acid—Base Disorders

UNIT 5  The Immune System

Chapter 32     Drugs for Immune System Modulation

Chapter 33     Drugs for Inflammation and Fever

Chapter 34     Drugs for Bacterial Infections

Chapter 35    Drugs for Fungal, Protozoan, and Helminthic Infections

Chapter 36     Drugs for Viral Infections

Chapter 37     Drugs for Neoplasia

UNIT 6 The Respiratory System

Chapter 38     Drugs for Allergic Rhinitis and the Common Cold

Chapter 39     Drugs for Asthma and Other Pulmonary Disorders

UNIT 7 The Gastrointestinal System

Chapter 40     Drugs for Peptic Ulcer Disease

Chapter 41     Drugs for Bowel Disorders and Other Gastrointestinal Conditions

Chapter 42     Drugs for Nutritional Disorders

UNIT 8 The Endocrine System 

Chapter 43     Drugs for Pituitary, Thyroid, and Adrenal Disorders

Chapter 44     Drugs for Diabetes Mellitus

Chapter 45     Drugs for Disorders and Conditions of the Female Reproductive System 

Chapter 46     Drugs for Disorders and Conditions of the Male Reproductive System

UNIT 9 The Integumentary System and Eyes/Ears

Chapter 47    Drugs for Bone and Joint Disorders                                            

Chapter 48     Drugs for Skin Disorders

Chapter 49      Drugs for Eye and Ear Disorders                           

 

Chapter 1

1.1 The nurse is teaching a pharmacology class to student nurses. What does the nurse include as key events in the history of pharmacology? Select all that apply.

  1. Modern pharmacology began in the early 1600s.
  2. Initial drugs included morphine, cocaine, and penicillin.
  3. Early researchers used themselves as test subjects.
  4. Pharmacologists synthesized drugs in the laboratory in the twentieth century.
  5. The initial intention of pharmacology was to relieve human suffering.

Answer: 3, 4, 5

Rationale: The early roots of pharmacology included the application of products to relieve human suffering, and early researchers used themselves as test subjects. Initial drugs included morphine, colchicines, curare, and cocaine, but not penicillin. Modern pharmacology began in the early 1800s, not the 1600s. By the twentieth century, pharmacologists could synthesize drugs in the laboratory.

Implementation

Physiological Integrity

Application

Objective: 1-1

 

1.2 The student nurse asks the nursing instructor why he needs to take anatomy and physiology, as well as microbiology, when he only wants to learn about pharmacology. What is the best response by the instructor?

  1. “You must learn all, since those subjects, as well as pharmacology, are part of the curriculum.”
  2. “Because pharmacology is an outgrowth of those subjects.”
  3. “Because an understanding of those subjects is essential to understanding pharmacology.”
  4. “Knowledge of all those subjects will prepare you to provide the best patient care, including the administration of medications.”

Answer: 3

Rationale:It is essential for the nurse to have a broad knowledge base of many sciences in order to learn pharmacology. The nurse must learn anatomy, physiology, and microbiology to understand pharmacology, not because they are part of the curriculum. Pharmacology is an outgrowth of anatomy, physiology, and microbiology, but this is not the reason for the nurse to learn them. Knowledge of anatomy, physiology, and microbiology prepares the nurse to understand pharmacology, not to provide care such as administration of medications.

Implementation

Physiological Integrity

Application

Objective: 1-2

 

1.3 The nursing instructor is teaching a pharmacology class to student nurses. The current focus is pharmacology and therapeutics. The nursing instructor determines that learning has occurred when the students make which comments? Select all that apply.

  1. “Pharmacology is the study of medicines.”
  2. “Therapeutics is the study of the therapeutic use of drugs.”
  3. “Pharmacology is the use of drugs to relieve suffering.”
  4. “Therapeutics is the study of drug interactions.”
  5. “Pharmacology is the study of drugs to prevent disease.”

Answer: 1, 3

Rationale:Pharmacology is the study of medicines and the use of drugs to relieve suffering. Therapeutics is the study of disease prevention and treatment of suffering. Pharmacotherapy is the application of drugs for the purpose of disease prevention.

Evaluation

Physiological Integrity

Application

Objective: 1-3

 

1.4 The nurse administers a vaccine to a child. What is the best understanding of the nurse as it relates to the manufacture of this vaccine?

  1. The vaccine is most commonly synthesized in a laboratory.
  2. The vaccine is naturally produced in animal cells or microorganisms.
  3. The vaccine is produced by natural plant extracts in the laboratory.
  4. The vaccine is produced by a combination of animal and plant products.

Answer: 2

Rationale:Vaccines are naturally produced in animal cells, microorganisms, or by the body itself. Vaccines are not synthesized in a laboratory. Vaccines are not produced by natural plant extracts. Vaccines are not produced by a combination of animal and plant products.

Evaluation

Physiological Integrity

Application

Objective: 1-4

 

1.5 The elderly client has gastrointestinal bleeding. The client says to the nurse “I don’t understand this. All I did was take ibuprofen (Advil) for my arthritis.” Which plan would be best as it relates to the nurse’s education of this client?

  1. A plan to teach the client to substitute safer drugs like acetaminophen (Tylenol).
  2. A plan to teach the client to use drugs that bypass the gastrointestinal system, like topical drugs.
  3. A plan to teach the client to obtain physician approval prior to the use of over-the-counter (OTC) medications.
  4. A plan to teach the advantages and disadvantages of ibuprofen (Advil).

Answer: 4

Rationale:Since elderly clients account for the use of about 40% of all over-the-counter (OTC) medications, it is essential for the nurse to teach clients about the advantages, and the disadvantages, of these medications. Substitution of other drugs may be beneficial, but this cannot be done in all situations. The use of topical drugs may be an option, but the drug a client needs may not be available in this form. It is not a realistic plan to expect clients to contact their physician prior to taking any over-the-counter (OTC) medication.

Planning

Physiological Integrity

Application

Objective: 1-5

 

1.6 The student nurse is preparing for the first pharmacology exam. In planning for this exam, what is most important for the student nurse to remember about the Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act?

  1. It prevented the sale of drugs that had not been thoroughly tested before marketing.
  2. It helped standardize the quality of drugs and cosmetics.
  3. It gave the government the power to control the labeling content of medications.
  4. It prohibited the sale of drugs labeled with false therapeutic claims that could defraud the public.

Answer: 1

Rationale:In 1938, Congress passed the Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. This was the first law preventing the sale of drugs that had not been thoroughly tested before marketing. The Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act did not standardize the quality of drugs and cosmetics. The Pure Food and Drug Act gave the government the power to control the labeling content of medications. The Sherley Amendment prohibited the sale of drugs labeled with false therapeutic claims that could defraud the public.

Planning

Physiological Integrity

Application

Objective: 1-6

1.7 The pharmaceutical representative comes to the physician’s office and says his company’s pharmaceutical laboratory is marketing a drug that does not need approval by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). What is the best response by the nurse?

  1. “Is your pharmaceutical laboratory private? Only public pharmaceutical laboratories need approval from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).”
  2. “Your pharmaceutical laboratory must be involved in academic research because they are exempt from approval by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).”
  3. “Is this an over-the-counter (OTC) drug? They do not need approval by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).”
  4. “Any pharmaceutical laboratory in America must have approval from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) before marketing a drug.”

Answer: 4

Rationale:Any pharmaceutical laboratory, whether private, public, or academic, must obtain approval from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) before marketing a drug. Private pharmaceutical laboratories must obtain approval from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) before marketing a drug. Pharmaceutical laboratories involved in academic research must obtain approval from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) before marketing a drug. Pharmaceutical laboratories that manufacture over-the-counter (OTC) drugs must obtain approval from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) before marketing these drugs.

Implementation

Physiological Integrity

Application

Objective: 1-7

 

1.8 The nurse is employed by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and is involved in clinical investigation. What is the primary role of the nurse in this phase of the review and approval process by the FDA?

  1. To perform tests on human cells cultured in the laboratory
  2. To perform tests on the population-at-large
  3. To perform tests on human clients
  4. To perform tests on various species of animals

Answer: 3

Rationale:Clinical investigation includes performing tests on healthy volunteers, and later, on selected clients with a particular disease. Performing tests on human cells cultured in the laboratory is the preclinical investigation stage. Performing tests on the population-at-large is the stage of post-marketing surveillance. Performing tests on various species of animals is the preclinical investigation stage.

Assessment

Physiological Integrity

Application

Objective: 1-8

 

1.9 The student nurse is taking a pharmacology course and studying about the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). What has the student learned about how the FDA has decreased the amount of time involved in bringing a new drug to the market?

  1. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is not as strict as it once was with regard to drug approval.
  2. Drug manufacturers are required to pay yearly user fees, which allow the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to hire more employees to increase its efficiency.
  3. Since consumers have demanded more drugs, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has streamlined the review/approval process.
  4. Drug manufacturers are required by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to test more drugs on an annual basis.

Answer: 2

Rationale:In 1992, the Prescription Drug User Fee Act was passed. This required drug manufacturers to provide yearly product user fees so the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) could restructure, hire more employees, and operate more efficiently. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is just as strict now as it always was with regard to drug approval. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has not streamlined the review/approval process. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) does not require drug manufacturers to test more drugs on an annual basis.

Evaluation

Physiological Integrity

Application

Objective: 1-9
1.10 The student nurse is studying the difference between the American and Canadian drug approval processes. What is the student nurse’s best understanding of the difference between these two governments in the drug approval process?

  1. America incorporates the private and government sectors; Canada uses only the government sector.
  2. There is minimal difference; they both rely extensively on government resources.
  3. America has much stricter guidelines than Canada for approving drugs for the public.
  4. Canada has much stricter guidelines than America for approving drugs for the public.

Answer: 1

Rationale:Health Canada is the federal department that works in partnership with provincial and territorial governments. There are no private companies involved in the process. In America, drug approval involves the government (the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), as well as private drug companies. In America, private as well as government resources are used. America does not have stricter guidelines than Canada for approving drugs for the public. Canada does not have stricter guidelines than America for approving drugs for the public.

Evaluation

Physiological Integrity

Application

Objective: 1-10

1.11 The student nurse has completed an initial pharmacology course and tells the nursing instructor that it was difficult and she is glad it is over. What is the best response by the nursing instructor?

  1. “It really isn’t over; you should take a graduate course next.”
  2. “It may be over, but now you must apply what you have learned to patient care.”
  3. “Learning is always painful, but we must continue anyway.”
  4. “Learning is gradual and continuous; we never completely master all areas of pharmacology.”

Answer: 4

Rationale:Learning pharmacology is a gradual, continuous process that does not end with graduation. Never does one completely master every facet of drug action and application. There is no reason for the student nurse to take a graduate level pharmacology course at this time. It is true that the student must apply what has been learned to patient care, but this response implies that learning is over. Learning is not always painful.

Implementation

Physiological Integrity

Application

Objective: 1-2

pharmacology for nurses 3rd edition adams test bank

1.12 The client says to the nurse “My wife and I take the same drug, but we have different side effects. “Are we doing something wrong?” What is the best response by the nurse?

  1. “No. Differences such as your sex can result in different side effects.”
  2. “I’m not sure. Maybe the drug is not the same; you should check it.”
  3. “Possibly. This could happen if one uses generic or brand name drugs.”
  4. “I’ll have to check. What is the name of the drug you were using?”

Answer: 1

Rationale:Drugs may elicit different responses depending on individual client factors such as age, sex, body mass, health status, and genetics. Asking the client to check a medication is fine, but this does not answer the client’s question. There are differences between some generic and brand name drugs, but this is not the best answer. The nurse should not have to check the drug; basic knowledge should include knowing that the sex of clients can result in different side effects.

Implementation

Physiological Integrity

Application

Objective: 1-4

 

1.13 The client comes to the emergency department with a myocardial infarction. The client’s husband tells the nurse that his wife has been taking calcium carbonate (Tums) for years for what she thought was indigestion. What is the best response by the nurse?

  1. “Why did you let her do that? She should have seen a doctor.”
  2. “Well, I am glad she is here, as it certainly wasn’t indigestion.”
  3. “Your wife was self-diagnosing, which is generally not a good idea.”
  4. “Your wife should not have self-diagnosed herself. I hope she will be okay.”

Answer: 3

Rationale:Clients take over-the-counter (OTC) drugs for many reasons. Self-treatment is sometimes ineffective, and the potential for harm may increase if the disease is allowed to progress. Asking the husband why he let his wife take Tums is non-therapeutic and too accusatory; do not ask “why” questions. Telling the husband that “it certainly wasn’t indigestion” is judgmental and will alienate the client and husband. Telling the husband “I hope she will be okay” is a very frightening response that implies she might die, and this is non-therapeutic.

Implementation

Physiological Integrity

Application

Objective: 1-5

 

1.14 The nurse is teaching a class for clients about over-the-counter (OTC) medications. The nurse determines that education has been effective when the clients make which statement?

  1. “We should not take any over-the-counter (OTC) medicine without first calling and checking with the doctor’s office.”
  2. “We must read all the directions on the label and call the doctor’s office if they are not clear.”
  3. “Medicines that are available over-the-counter (OTC) are really safe, or they would be prescription medicines.”
  4. “We should always ask the pharmacist about how to take the over-the-counter (OTC) medicine.”

Answer: 2

Rationale:In most cases, clients may treat themselves safely if they carefully follow instructions included with the medication. It is not realistic to expect clients to call the doctor’s office before taking any over-the-counter (OTC) medicine. Most OTC medicines have a high margin of safety, but none are considered completely safe. Asking the pharmacist is a good idea, but does not replace reading the label directions. Also, the pharmacist might not always be in the store when the medicine is purchased.

Evaluation

Physiological Integrity

Application

Objective: 1-5

 

1.15 The client has skin lesions that have not responded to prescription drugs. He tells the nurse he has heard about some research going on with a new drug and questions why he can’t take it. What is the best response by the nurse?

  1. “Maybe you could contact the drug company about becoming involved in a clinical trial.”
  2. “Your skin lesions really aren’t that bad, but maybe the new drug will be available soon.”
  3. “I know it is frustrating, but the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval process is in place to ensure that drugs are safe.”
  4. “The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has very strict rules about new drugs; it is important to be patient regarding the review/approval process.”

Answer: 3

Rationale:Although the public is anxious to receive new drugs, the fundamental priority of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is to ensure that drugs are safe. Also, telling the client that the nurse knows he is frustrated is therapeutic because it communicates that the nurse recognizes what he is feeling. The client could contact the drug company, but this response fosters false hope as he may not be a viable candidate for this drug. Telling the client his skin lesions “aren’t that bad” is a non-therapeutic response; the client’s perception is his reality. Telling the client to be patient is a condescending response, the client wants relief from the skin condition.

Implementation

Physiological Integrity

Application

Objective: 1-7

 

1.16 What percentage of Americans takes at least one prescription drug per year?

  1. 10%
  2. 25%
  3. 40%
  4. 50%

Answer: 4

Rationale: About half of Americans take prescription drugs while about 17% takes at least three prescription drugs.
Knowledge

Assessment

Health Promotion and Maintenance

Objective 1-1

 

1.17 Modern pharmacology was introduced to the United States by the opening of the first department of pharmacology at the University of Michigan in the year:

  1. 1805
  2. 1847
  3. 1890
  4. 1908

Answer: 3

Rationale: Modern pharmacology was introduced to the US by the opening of the first department of pharmacology at the University of Michigan in 1890.
Knowledge

Assessment

Health Promotion and Maintenance

Objective: 1-1

1.18 The application of drugs for the purpose of disease prevention and treatment of suffering is known as:

  1. Therapeutics
  2. Biologics
  3. Alternative therapies
  4. Pharmacotherapeutics

Answer: 4

Rationale: Pharmacotherapeutics is the application of drugs for the purpose of disease prevention and the treatment of suffering.
Knowledge

Assessment

Health Promotion and Maintenance

Objective: 1-3

 

1.19 A patient with chronic back pain informs the nurse he has been receiving therapeutic touch in addition to his medications. This type of therapy is best classified as:

  1. Complementary therapy
  2. Biologic therapy
  3. Pharmacotherapy
  4. Drug-absence therapy

Answer: 1

Rationale: The patient is using a non-conventional type of treatment (therapeutic touch) that is classified as complimentary to his conventional pharmacotherapy. Biologic therapy involves the use of naturally produced substances by microorganisms or within the body. The patient is using medications as well as an alternative therapy which is why complementary therapy is the best choice.

Comprehension

Evaluation

Physiological Integrity

Objective: 1-4

 

1.20 How many years does it generally take to research and develop a drug before it is submitted to the FDA for review?

  1. 5 years
  2. 6 years
  3. 9 years
  4. 11 years

Answer: 4

Rationale: It generally takes 11 years to research and develop a drug before its submitted to the FDA for review.
Knowledge

Assessment

Effective Care Environment

Objective: 1-7 and 1- 8

 

1.21 A drug manufacturer that is performing the effects of a drug on laboratory animals would be in which phase of the new drug development timeline?

Answer

  1. Preclinical Investigation
  2. Clinical Investigation
  3. New Drug Application Review
  4. Postmarketing Studies

Answer: 1

Rationale: Preclinical investigation involves laboratory research on non-human subjects.

Comprehension

Assessment

Health Promotion and Maintenance

Objective: 1-8

 

1.22 Identify the correct statement regarding the US and Canadian drug approval process.

  1. The two processes are very different.
  2. The Canadian process includes fewer steps/stages and is easier to gain approval.
  3. Both realize the need to monitor natural products, dietary supplements, and herbs.
  4. The Canadian process may approve drugs for labeling that do not comply with standards in the U.S., Europe, Great Britain, or France.

Answer: 3

Rationale: The process for drug approval is very similar for both nations. The Canadian process has more steps and is not necessarily harder or easier to gain approval. The Canadian process requires compliance with standards established by the U.S., Europe, Great Britain, or France.:

Comprehension

Assessment

Safe, Effective Care Environment

Objective: 1-10

pharmacology for nurses 3rd edition adams test bank