Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association 6th edition eBook
Use this style manual for writers, editors, students, and educators. It is specifically designed to help writers in the behavioral sciences and social sciences, anyone who writes non-fiction prose can benefit from its guidance. This newly-revised Sixth Edition has not only been rewritten, it also been thoroughly rethought and reorganized, making it the most user-friendly “Publication Manual” the APA has ever produced. You will be able to find answers to your questions faster. When you need advice on how to present information, including text, data, and graphics, for publication in any type of format–such as college and university papers, professional journals, presentations for colleagues, and online publication- use this ebook to find the advice you’re looking for here.
Chapter 1 Writing for the Behavioral and Social Sciences
Research is complete only when the results are shared with the scientific community. Although such sharing is accomplished in various ways, bothy formal and informal, the traditional medium for communicating research results is the scientific journal.
The scientific journal is the repository of the accumulated knowledge of a field. The findings and analyses, the successes and failures, and the perspectives of many investigators over many years are recorded in the literature. Familiarity with the literature allows an individual investigator to avoid needlessly repeating work that has been done before, to build on existing work, and in turn to contribute something new.
Just as each investigator benefits from the publication process, so the body of scientific literature depends for its vitality on the active participation of individual investigators. Authors of scientific articles contribute most to the literature when they communicate clearly and concisely.
In this chapter, we discuss several considerations that authors should weigh before writing for publication-considerations both about their own research and about scientific publishing tradition. We begin by identifying the types of articles that appear in scientific journals. In the rest of the chapter we focus on overarching ethical and legal standards in publishing that must be addressed as a first step in planning an investigation.
Types of Articles
Journal articles are usually reports of empirical studies, literature reviews, theoretical articles, methodological articles, or case studies. They are primaryor original publications. Members of the scientific community generally agree that the characteristics of these publications are that (a) articles represent research not previously published (i.e., first disclosure; for a discussion of duplicate publication, see section 1.09), (b) articles are reviewed by peers before being accepted or rejected by a journal, and (c) articles are archival (i.e., retrievable for future reference).