Saunders Nursing Drug Handbook 2016 eBook

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  • Published: 2016
  • ISBN-10: 0323353797
  • ISBN-13: 978-0323353793

Description

Saunders Nursing Drug Handbook 2016 eBook

NEWLY APPROVED MEDICATIONS

Name Indication

Albiglutide (Tanzeum) An injectable GLP-1 agonist for type 2 diabetes

Apremilast (Otezla) A phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4) inhibitor for

psoriatic arthritis

Belinostat (Beleodaq) A histone deacetylase inhibitor for advanced

peripheral T-cell lymphoma

Ceritinib (Zykadia) A kinase inhibitor for treatment of certain type

of metastatic non–small-cell lung cancer

Cobicistat (Tybost) Pharmaco-enhancing or “boosting” agent

for antiviral drugs used in treatment of HIV

infection

Dalbavancin (Dalvance) Antibiotic for treatment of adult patients with

complicated skin and skin structure

infections, including MRSA

Dapagliflozin (Farxiga) A sodium glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT-2)

inhibitor for type 2 diabetes

Droxidopa (Northera) A synthetic amino acid analogue for neurogenic

orthostatic hypotension

Dulaglutide (Trulicity) A glucagon-like peptide receptor agonist for

the treatment of type 2 diabetes

Elvitegravir (Vitekta) Integrase inhibitor for treatment of HIV-1

infection

Empagliflozin (Jardiance) An SGLT-2 inhibitor for type 2 diabetes

Idelalisib (Zydelig) A kinase inhibitor for treatment of chronic lymphocytic

leukemia, relapsed follicular B-cell

non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, and relapsed small

lymphocytic lymphoma

Metreleptin (Myalept) A leptin analogue for patients with

lipodystrophy

Naloxegol (Movantik) A peripherally acting opioid receptor antagonist

indicated for the treatment of opioid-induced

constipation

Olodaterol (Striverdi

Respimat)

A long-acting beta agonist oral inhaler for

COPD

Oritavancin (Orbactiv) An injectable lipoglycopeptide antibiotic for

skin and skin structure infections

Peginterferon beta-1a

(Plegridy)

An interferon beta for treatment of relapsing

forms of multiple sclerosis

Continued

xii Newly Approved Medications

Name Indication

Pembrolizumab

(Keytruda)

A human PD1-blocking antibody indicated for

the treatment of metastatic melanoma

Ramucirumab (Cyramza) An angiogenesis inhibitor for gastric cancer

Suvorexant (Belsomra) An orexin receptor antagonist indicated for the

treatment of insomnia

Tedizolid (Sivextro) An antibiotic for skin infections

Umeclidinium (Incruse

Ellipta)

New anticholinergic oral inhaler for maintenance

treatment of COPD

Vedolizumab (Entyvio) An integrin receptor antagonist for treatment of

Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis

Vorapaxar (Zontivity) An antiplatelet agent for pts with history of MI

or with peripheral arterial disease (PAD)

DRUGS BY DISORDER

Note: Not all medications appropriate for a given condition are listed, nor

are those not listed inappropriate.

Generic names appear first, followed by brand names in parentheses.

Alzheimer’s disease

Donepezil (Aricept, Aricept ODT)

Galantamine (Razadyne, Razadyne ER)

Memantine (Namenda, Namenda XR)

Rivastigmine (Exelon, Exelon Patch)

Angina

Amlodipine (Norvasc)

Atenolol (Tenormin)

Diltiazem (Cardizem, Dilacor)

Isosorbide (Imdur, Isordil)

Metoprolol (Lopressor)

Nadolol (Corgard)

Nicardipine (Cardene)

Nifedipine (Adalat, Procardia)

Nitroglycerin

Propranolol (Inderal)

Verapamil (Calan, Isoptin)

Anxiety

Alprazolam (Xanax)

Buspirone (BuSpar)

Diazepam (Valium)

Hydroxyzine (Atarax, Vistaril)

Lorazepam (Ativan)

Oxazepam (Serax)

Paroxetine (Paxil)

Trazodone (Desyrel)

Venlafaxine (Effexor)

Arrhythmias

Adenosine (Adenocard)

Amiodarone (Cordarone, Pacerone)

Digoxin (Lanoxin)

Diltiazem (Cardizem, Dilacor)

Disopyramide (Norpace)

Dofetilide (Tikosyn)

Dronedarone (Multaq)

Esmolol (Brevibloc)

Flecainide (Tambocor)

Ibutilide (Corvert)

Alcohol dependence

Acamprosate (Campral)

Disulfiram (Antabuse)

Naltrexone (Depade, ReVia, Vivitrol)

Allergic rhinitis

Azelastine (Astepro)

Azelastine/fluticasone (Dymista)

Beclomethasone (Beconase AQ)

Budesonide (Rhinocort Aqua)

Ciclesonide (Omnaris)

Flunisolide (Nasarel)

Fluticasone (Flonase)

Mometasone (Nasonex)

Olopatadine (Patanase)

Triamcinolone (Nasacort)

Allergy

Beclomethasone (Beclovent, Vanceril)

Betamethasone (Celestone)

Brompheniramine (Dimetane)

Budesonide (Pulmicort, Rhinocort)

Cetirizine (Zyrtec)

Chlorpheniramine (Chlor-Trimeton)

Clemastine (Tavist)

Cyproheptadine (Periactin)

Desloratadine (Clarinex)

Dexamethasone (Decadron)

Dimenhydrinate (Dramamine)

Diphenhydramine (Benadryl)

Epinephrine (Adrenalin)

Fexofenadine (Allegra)

Flunisolide (AeroBid, Nasalide)

Fluticasone (Flovent)

Hydrocortisone (Solu-Cortef)

Levocetirizine (Xyzal)

Loratadine (Claritin)

Prednisolone (Prelone)

Prednisone (Deltasone)

Promethazine (Phenergan)

Triamcinolone (Kenalog)

xiii

xiv Drugs by Disorder

Lidocaine

Metoprolol (Lopressor)

Mexiletine (Mexitil)

Procainamide (Procan, Pronestyl)

Propafenone (Rythmol)

Propranolol (Inderal)

Sotalol (Betapace)

Verapamil (Calan, Isoptin)

Arthritis, rheumatoid (RA)

Abatacept (Orencia)

Adalimumab (Humira)

Anakinra (Kineret)

Azathioprine (Imuran)

Certolizumab (Cimzia)

Etanercept (Enbrel)

Golimumab (Simponi)

Hydroxychloroquine (Plaquenil)

Infliximab (Remicade)

Leflunomide (Arava)

Methotrexate

Prednisone (Deltasone)

Rituximab (Rituxan)

Sulfasalazine (Azulfidine-EN)

Tocilizumab (Actemra)

Tofacitinib (Xeljanz)

Asthma

Albuterol (Proventil, Ventolin)

Aminophylline (Theophylline)

Arformoterol (Brovana)

Beclomethasone (Beclovent, Vanceril)

Budesonide (Pulmicort)

Ciclesonide (Alvesco)

Cromolyn (Crolom, Intal)

Epinephrine (Adrenalin)

Flunisolide (AeroBid)

Fluticasone (Flovent)

Formoterol (Foradil)

Hydrocortisone (Solu-Cortef)

Ipratropium (Atrovent)

Levalbuterol (Xopenex)

Metaproterenol (Alupent)

Methylprednisolone (Solu-Medrol)

Mometasone (Asmanex)

Montelukast (Singulair)

Nedocromil (Tilade)

Prednisolone (Prelone)

Prednisone (Deltasone)

Salmeterol (Serevent)

Terbutaline (Brethine)

Theophylline (SloBid)

Zafirlukast (Accolate)

Zileuton (Zyflo, Zyflo CR)

Attention-deficit hyperactivity

disorder (ADHD)

Atomoxetine (Strattera)

Clonidine (Catapres, Kapvay)

Desipramine (Norpramin)

Dexmethylphenidate (Focalin, Focalin XR)

Dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine,

Dextrostat)

Guanfacine (Intuniv)

Lisdexamfetamine (Vyvanse)

Methylphenidate (Concerta, Daytrana,

Focalin, Methylin, Ritalin)

Mixed amphetamine (dextroamphetamine

and amphetamine salts) (Adderall,

Adderall XR)

Benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH)

Alfuzosin (Uroxatral)

Doxazosin (Cardura)

Dutasteride (Avodart)

Finasteride (Proscar)

Mirabegron (Myrbetriq)

Silodosin (Rapaflo)

Tadalafil (Cialis)

Tamsulosin (Flomax)

Terazosin (Hytrin)

Bipolar disorder (mania)

Carbamazepine (Tegretol)

Lamotrigine (Lamictal)

Lithium (Lithobid)

Oxcarbazepine (Trileptal)

Quetiapine (Seroquel)

Valproic acid (Depakene, Depakote)

Bladder hyperactivity

Darifenacin (Enablex)

Oxybutynin (Ditropan, Gelnique)

Solifenacin (VESIcare)

Tolterodine (Detrol)

Trospium (Sanctura)

Bronchospasm

Albuterol (Proventil, Ventolin)

Bitolterol (Tornalate)

Levalbuterol (Xopenex)

Metaproterenol (Alupent)

Salmeterol (Serevent)

Terbutaline (Brethine)

Cancer

Abarelix (Plenaxis)

Abiraterone (Zytiga)

Drugs by Disorder xv

Ado-trastuzumab (Kadeyla)

Afatinib (Gilotrif)

Aldesleukin (Proleukin)

Alemtuzumab (Campath)

Alitretinoin (Panretin)

Altretamine (Hexalen)

Anastrozole (Arimidex)

Arsenic trioxide (Trisenox)

Asparaginase (Elspar)

Axitinib (Inlyta)

Azacitidine (Vidaza)

BCG (TheraCys, Tice BCG)

Belinostat (Beleodaq)

Bendamustine (Treanda)

Bevacizumab (Avastin)

Bexarotene (Targretin)

Bicalutamide (Casodex)

Bleomycin (Blenoxane)

Bortezomib (Velcade)

Bosutinib (Bosulif)

Brentuximab (Adcetris)

Busulfan (Myleran)

Cabazitaxel (Jevtana)

Cabozantinib (Cometriq)

Capecitabine (Xeloda)

Carboplatin (Paraplatin)

Carfilzomib (Kyprolis)

Carmustine (BiCNU)

Ceritinib (Zykadia)

Cetuximab (Erbitux)

Chlorambucil (Leukeran)

Cisplatin (Platinol)

Cladribine (Leustatin)

Clofarabine (Clolar)

Crizotinib (Xalkori)

Cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan)

Cytarabine (Ara-C, Cytosar)

Dabrafenib (Tafinlar)

Dacarbazine (DTIC)

Dactinomycin (Cosmegen)

Dasatinib (Sprycel)

Daunorubicin (Cerubidine, DaunoXome)

Degarelix (Firmagon)

Denileukin (Ontak)

Docetaxel (Taxotere)

Doxorubicin (Adriamycin, Doxil)

Enzalutamide (Xtandi)

Epirubicin (Ellence)

Eribulin (Halaven)

Erlotinib (Tarceva)

Estramustine (Emcyt)

Etoposide (VePesid)

Everolimus (Afinitor)

Fludarabine (Fludara)

Fluorouracil

Flutamide (Eulexin)

Fulvestrant (Faslodex)

Gefitinib (Iressa)

Gemcitabine (Gemzar)

Goserelin (Zoladex)

Hydroxyurea (Hydrea)

Ibritumomab (Zevalin)

Ibrutinib (Imbruvica)

Idarubicin (Idamycin)

Idelalisib (Zydelig)

Ifosfamide (Ifex)

Imatinib (Gleevec)

Interferon alfa-2b (Intron A)

Ipilimumab (Yervoy)

Irinotecan (Camptosar)

Ixabepilone (Ixempra)

Lapatinib (Tykerb)

Letrozole (Femara)

Leuprolide (Lupron)

Lomustine (CeeNU)

Mechlorethamine (Mustargen)

Megestrol (Megace)

Melphalan (Alkeran)

Mercaptopurine (Purinethol)

Methotrexate

Mitomycin (Mutamycin)

Mitotane (Lysodren)

Mitoxantrone (Novantrone)

Nelarabine (Arranon)

Nilotinib (Tasigna)

Nilutamide (Nilandron)

Obinutuzumab (Gazyva)

Ofatumumab (Arzerra)

Omacetaxine (Synribo)

Oxaliplatin (Eloxatin)

Paclitaxel (Taxol)

Panitumumab (Vectibix)

Pazopanib (Votrient)

Pegaspargase (Oncaspar)

Pembrolizumab (Keytruda)

Pemetrexed (Alimta)

Pentostatin (Nipent)

Pertuzumab (Perjeta)

Plicamycin (Mithracin)

Pomalidomide (Pohmalyst)

Ponatinib (Iclusig)

Pralatrexate (Folotyn)

Procarbazine (Matulane)

Ramucirumab (Cyramza)

Rasburicase (Elitek)

Regorafenib (Stivarga)

Rituximab (Rituxan)

Romidepsin (Istodax)

xvi Drugs by Disorder

Sipuleucel-T (Provenge)

Sorafenib (Nexavar)

Streptozocin (Zanosar)

Sunitinib (Sutent)

Tamoxifen (Nolvadex)

Temozolomide (Temodar)

Temsirolimus (Torisel)

Teniposide (Vumon)

Thioguanine

Thiotepa (Thioplex)

Tipifarnib (Zarnestra)

Topotecan (Hycamtin)

Toremifene (Fareston)

Tositumomab (Bexxar)

Trametinib (Mekinest)

Trastuzumab (Herceptin)

Tretinoin (ATRA, Vesanoid)

Valrubicin (Valstar)

Vandetanib (Caprelsa)

Vemurafenib (Zelboraf)

Vinblastine (Velban)

Vincristine (Oncovin)

Vinorelbine (Navelbine)

Vismodegib (Erivedge)

Vorinostat (Zolinza)

Cerebrovascular accident (CVA)

Aspirin

Clopidogrel (Plavix)

Heparin

Nimodipine (Nimotop)

Prasugrel (Effient)

Ticlopidine (Ticlid)

Warfarin (Coumadin)

Chronic obstructive pulmonary

disease (COPD)

Aclidinium (Tudorza)

Albuterol (Proventil HFA, Ventolin HFA)

Aminophylline (Theophylline)

Arformoterol (Brovana)

Budesonide (Pulmicort)

Budesonide/formoterol (Symbicort)

Formoterol (Foradil)

Indacaterol (Arcapta)

Ipratropium (Atrovent HFA)

Levalbuterol (Xopenex)

Olodaterol (Striverdi Respimat)

Pirbuterol (Maxair)

Roflumilast (Daliresp)

Salmeterol (Serevent)

Salmeterol/fluticasone (Advair)

Theophylline (Theochron, Theo ZY)

Tiotropium (Spiriva)

Umeclidinium (Incruse Ellipta)

Constipation

Bisacodyl (Dulcolax)

Docusate (Colace)

Lactulose (Kristalose)

Lubiprostone (Amitiza)

Methylcellulose (Citrucel)

Milk of magnesia (MOM)

Polyethylene glycol (MiraLax)

Psyllium (Metamucil)

Senna (Senokot)

Tegaserod (Zelnorm)

Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)

Dalteparin (Fragmin)

Enoxaparin (Lovenox)

Heparin

Tinzaparin (Innohep)

Warfarin (Coumadin)

Depression

Amitriptyline (Elavil, Endep)

Bupropion (Aplenzin, Wellbutrin)

Citalopram (Celexa)

Desipramine (Norpramin)

Desvenlafaxine (Khedezla, Pristiq)

Doxepin (Sinequan)

Duloxetine (Cymbalta)

Escitalopram (Lexapro)

Fluoxetine (Prozac)

Fluvoxamine (Luvox)

Ievomilnacipram (Fetzima)

Imipramine (Tofranil)

Mirtazapine (Remeron)

Nortriptyline (Aventyl, Pamelor)

Paroxetine (Paxil)

Selegiline (Emsam)

Sertraline (Zoloft)

Trazodone (Desyrel)

Venlafaxine (Effexor)

Vilazodone (Viibryd)

Vortioxetene (Brintellix)

Diabetes mellitus

Acarbose (Precose)

Albiglutide (Tanzeum)

Alogliptin (Nesina)

Bromocriptine (Cycloset)

Canaglifozin (Invokana)

Colesevelam (Welchol)

Dapagliflozin (Farxiga)

Drugs by Disorder xvii

Dulaglutide (Trulicity)

Empagliflozin (Jardiance)

Exenatide (Byetta)

Glimepiride (Amaryl)

Glipizide (Glucotrol)

Glyburide (Micronase)

Insulin preparations (see Classification

section)

Linagliptin (Tradjenta)

Liraglutide (Victoza)

Metformin (Glucophage)

Nateglinide (Starlix)

Pioglitazone (Actos)

Pramlintide (Symlin)

Repaglinide (Prandin)

Rosiglitazone (Avandia)

Saxagliptin (Onglyza)

Sitagliptin (Januvia)

Diabetic peripheral neuropathy

Amitriptyline (Elavil)

Bupropion (Wellbutrin)

Capsaicin (Trixaicin)

Carbamazepine (Tegretol)

Citalopram (Celexa)

Desipramine (Norpramin)

Duloxetine (Cymbalta)

Gabapentin (Neurontin)

Lamotrigine (Lamictal)

Lidocaine patch (Lidoderm)

Nortriptyline (Pamelor)

Oxcarbazepine (Trileptal)

Oxycodone (OxyContin)

Paroxetine (Paxil)

Pregabalin (Lyrica)

Tramadol (Ultram)

Valproic acid (Depakote)

Venlafaxine, extended-release

(Effexor XR)

Diarrhea

Bismuth subsalicylate (Pepto-Bismol)

Diphenoxylate and atropine (Lomotil)

Fidaxomicin (Dificid)

Kaolin-pectin (Kaopectate)

Loperamide (Imodium)

Octreotide (Sandostatin)

Rifaximin (Xifaxan)

Duodenal, gastric ulcer

Cimetidine (Tagamet)

Esomeprazole (Nexium)

Famotidine (Pepcid)

Lansoprazole (Prevacid)

Misoprostol (Cytotec)

Nizatidine (Axid)

Omeprazole (Prilosec)

Pantoprazole (Protonix)

Rabeprazole (Aciphex)

Ranitidine (Zantac)

Sucralfate (Carafate)

Edema

Amiloride (Midamor)

Bumetanide (Bumex)

Chlorthalidone (Hygroton)

Ethacrynic acid (Edecrin)

Furosemide (Lasix)

Hydrochlorothiazide (HydroDIURIL)

Indapamide (Lozol)

Metolazone (Zaroxolyn)

Spironolactone (Aldactone)

Torsemide (Demadex)

Triamterene (Dyrenium)

Epilepsy

Carbamazepine (Tegretol)

Clobazam (Onfi)

Clonazepam (Klonopin)

Clorazepate (Tranxene)

Diazepam (Valium)

Eslicarbazepine (Aptiom)

Ethosuximide (Zarontin)

Ezogabine (Potiga)

Fosphenytoin (Cerebyx)

Gabapentin (Neurontin)

Lacosamide (Vimpat)

Lamotrigine (Lamictal, Lamictal ODT,

Lamictal XR)

Levetiracetam (Keppra)

Lorazepam (Ativan)

Midazolam (Versed)

Oxcarbazepine (Trileptal)

Perampanel (Fycompa)

Phenobarbital

Phenytoin (Dilantin)

Pregabalin (Lyrica)

Primidone (Mysoline)

Rufinamide (Banzel)

Tiagabine (Gabitril)

Topiramate (Qudexy XR, Topamax

Trokendi XR)

Valproic acid (Depakene, Depakote)

Vigabatrin (Sabril)

Zonisamide (Zonegran)

xviii Drugs by Disorder

Esophageal reflux, esophagitis

Cimetidine (Tagamet)

Dexlansoprazole (Kapidex)

Esomeprazole (Nexium)

Famotidine (Pepcid)

Lansoprazole (Prevacid)

Nizatidine (Axid)

Omeprazole (Prilosec)

Pantoprazole (Protonix)

Rabeprazole (Aciphex)

Ranitidine (Zantac)

Fever

Acetaminophen (Tylenol)

Aspirin

Ibuprofen (Advil, Caldolor, Motrin)

Naproxen (Aleve, Anaprox, Naprosyn)

Fibromyalgia

Acetaminophen (Tylenol)

Amitriptyline (Elavil)

Carisoprodol (Soma)

Citalopram (Celexa)

Cyclobenzaprine (Flexeril)

Duloxetine (Cymbalta)

Fluoxetine (Prozac)

Gabapentin (Neurontin)

Milnacipran (Savella)

Paroxetine (Paxil)

Pregabalin (Lyrica)

Tramadol (Ultram)

Venlafaxine (Effexor)

Gastritis

Cimetidine (Tagamet)

Famotidine (Pepcid)

Nizatidine (Axid)

Ranitidine (Zantac)

Gastroesophageal reflux disease

(GERD)

Cimetidine (Tagamet)

Dexlansoprazole (Kapidex)

Esomeprazole (Nexium)

Famotidine (Pepcid)

Lansoprazole (Prevacid)

Nizatidine (Axid)

Omeprazole (Prilosec)

Pantoprazole (Protonix)

Rabeprazole (Aciphex)

Ranitidine (Zantac)

Glaucoma

Acetazolamide (Diamox)

Apraclonidine (Iopidine)

Betaxolol (Betoptic)

Bimatoprost (Lumigan)

Brimonidine (Alphagan)

Brinzolamide (Azopt)

Carbachol

Dorzolamide (Trusopt)

Echothiophate iodide (Phospholine)

Latanoprost (Xalatan)

Levobunolol (Betagan)

Pilocarpine (Isopto Carpine)

Tafluprost (Zioptan)

Timolol (Timoptic)

Travoprost (Travatan)

Unoprostone (Rescula)

Gout

Allopurinol (Zyloprim)

Colchicine (Colcrys)

Febuxostat (Uloric)

Ibuprofen (Motrin)

Indomethacin (Indocin)

Naproxen (Naprosyn)

Pegloticase (Krystexxa)

Piroxicam (Feldene)

Probenecid (Benemid)

Sulindac (Clinoril)

Heart failure (HF)

Bisoprolol (Zebeta)

Bumetanide (Bumex)

Candesartan (Atacand)

Captopril (Capoten)

Carvedilol (Coreg)

Digoxin (Lanoxin)

Dobutamine (Dobutrex)

Dopamine (Intropin)

Enalapril (Vasotec)

Eplerenone (Inspra)

Fosinopril (Monopril)

Furosemide (Lasix)

Hydralazine (Apresoline)

Isosorbide (Isordil)

Lisinopril (Prinivil, Zestril)

Losartan (Cozaar)

Metoprolol (Lopressor)

Milrinone (Primacor)

Nitroglycerin

Quinapril (Accupril)

Ramipril (Altace)

Spironolactone (Aldactone)

Drugs by Disorder xix

Torsemide (Demadex)

Valsartan (Diovan)

Hepatitis B

Adefovir (Hepsera)

Entecavir (Baraclude)

Lamivudine (Epivir)

Peginterferon alpha-2a (Pegasys)

Telbivudine (Tyzeka)

Tenofovir (Viread)

Hepatitis C

Boceprevir (Victrelis)

Ledipasvir/Safosbuvir (Harvoni)

Peginterferon alfa-2a (Pegasys)

Peginterferon alfa-2b (Pegintron)

Ribavirin (Copegus, Rebetol, Ribasphere)

Simeprevir (Olysio)

Sofosbuvir (Sovaldi)

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)

Abacavir (Ziagen)

Atazanavir (Reyataz)

Cobicistat (Tybost)

Darunavir (Prezista)

Delavirdine (Rescriptor)

Didanosine (Videx)

Dolutegravir (Tivicay)

Efavirenz (Sustiva)

Elvitegravir (Vitekta)

Emtricitabine (Emtriva)

Enfuvirtide (Fuzeon)

Etravirine (Intelence)

Fosamprenavir (Lexiva)

Indinavir (Crixivan)

Lamivudine (Epivir)

Lopinavir/ritonavir (Kaletra)

Maraviroc (Selzentry)

Nelfinavir (Viracept)

Nevirapine (Viramune)

Raltegravir (Isentress)

Rilpivirine (Edurant)

Ritonavir (Norvir)

Saquinavir (Invirase)

Stavudine (Zerit)

Tenofovir (Viread)

Tesamorelin (Egrifta)

Tipranavir (Aptivus)

Zidovudine (AZT, Retrovir)

Hypercholesterolemia

Atorvastatin (Lipitor)

Cholestyramine (Questran)

Colesevelam (Welchol)

Colestipol (Colestid)

Ezetimibe (Zetia)

Fenofibrate (Antara, Lofibra, Tricor)

Fenofibric Acid (Trilipix)

Fish oil (Lovaza)

Fluvastatin (Lescol)

Gemfibrozil (Lopid)

Lomitapide (Juxapid)

Lovastatin (Altoprev, Mevacor)

Mipomersen (Kynamro)

Niacin (Niaspan, Slo-Niacin)

Pitavastatin (Livalo)

Pravastatin (Pravachol)

Rosuvastatin (Crestor)

Simvastatin (Zocor)

Hyperphosphatemia

Aluminum salts

Calcium salts

Ferric Citrate (Auryxia)

Lanthanum (Fosrenol)

Sevelamer (Renagel)

Hypertension

Aliskiren (Tekturna)

Amlodipine (Norvasc)

Atenolol (Tenormin)

Azilsartan (Edarbi)

Benazepril (Lotensin)

Bisoprolol (Zebeta)

Candesartan (Atacand)

Captopril (Capoten)

Clonidine (Catapres)

Diltiazem (Cardizem, Dilacor)

Doxazosin (Cardura)

Enalapril (Vasotec)

Eplerenone (Inspra)

Eprosartan (Teveten)

Felodipine (Plendil)

Fosinopril (Monopril)

Hydralazine (Apresoline)

Hydrochlorothiazide (HydroDIURIL)

Indapamide (Lozol)

Irbesartan (Avapro)

Isradipine (DynaCirc)

Labetalol (Normodyne, Trandate)

Lisinopril (Prinivil, Zestril)

Losartan (Cozaar)

Methyldopa (Aldomet)

Metolazone (Diulo, Zaroxolyn)

Metoprolol (Lopressor)

Minoxidil (Loniten)

xx Drugs by Disorder

Moexipril (Univasc)

Nadolol (Corgard)

Nebivolol (Bystolic)

Nicardipine (Cardene)

Nifedipine (Adalat, Procardia)

Nitroglycerin

Nitroprusside (Nipride)

Olmesartan (Benicar)

Perindopril (Aceon)

Pindolol (Visken)

Prazosin (Minipress)

Propranolol (Inderal)

Quinapril (Accupril)

Ramipril (Altace)

Spironolactone (Aldactone)

Telmisartan (Micardis)

Terazosin (Hytrin)

Trandolapril (Mavik)

Valsartan (Diovan)

Verapamil (Calan, Isoptin)

Hypertriglyceridemia

Atorvastatin (Lipitor)

Colesevelam (Welchol)

Fenofibrate (Tricor)

Fluvastatin (Lescol)

Gemfibrozil (Lopid)

Icosapent (Vascepa)

Lovastatin (Mevacor)

Niacin (Niaspan)

Omega-3 acid ethyl esters (Lovaza)

Pravastatin (Pravachol)

Rosuvastatin (Crestor)

Simvastatin (Zocor)

Hyperuricemia

Allopurinol (Zyloprim)

Febuxostat (Uloric)

Pegloticase (Krystexxa)

Probenecid (Benemid)

Hypotension

Dobutamine (Dobutrex)

Dopamine (Intropin)

Ephedrine

Epinephrine

Norepinephrine (Levophed)

Phenylephrine (Neo-Synephrine)

Hypothyroidism

Levothyroxine (Levoxyl, Synthroid)

Liothyronine (Cytomel)

Thyroid

Idiopathic thrombocytopenic

purpura (ITP)

Cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan)

Dexamethasone (Decadron)

Hydrocortisone (Solu-Cortef)

Immune globulin intravenous

Methylprednisolone (Solu-Medrol)

Prednisone

Rho(D) immune globulin (RhoGam)

Rituximab (Rituxan)

Insomnia

Diphenhydramine (Benadryl)

Estazolam (ProSom)

Eszopiclone (Lunesta)

Flurazepam (Dalmane)

Ramelteon (Rozerem)

Suvorexant (Belsomra)

Temazepam (Restoril)

Zaleplon (Sonata)

Zolpidem (Ambien, Edluar)

Inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn’s

disease, ulcerative colitis)

Adalimumab (Humira)

Azathioprine (Imuran)

Balsalazide (Colazal, Giazo)

Budesonide (Entocort EC, Uceris)

Certolizumab (Cimzia)

Cyclosporine (Sandimmune)

Golimumab (Simponi)

Hydrocortisone (Colocort, Cortifoam)

Infliximab (Remicade)

Mercaptopurine (Purinethol)

Mesalamine (Apriso, Asacol HD, Delzicol,

Lialda, Pentasa)

Methotrexate (Otrexup, Rasuvo)

Olsalazine (Dipentum)

Prednisone

Sulfasalazine (Azulfidine)

Tacrolimus (Prograf)

Vedolizumab (Entyvio)

Migraine headaches

Almotriptan (Axert)

Amitriptyline (Elavil, Endep)

Diclofenac (Cambia)

Dihydroergotamine

Eletriptan (Relpax)

Ergotamine (Ergomar)

Frovatriptan (Frova)

Naratriptan (Amerge)

Propranolol (Inderal)

Drugs by Disorder xxi

Rizatriptan (Maxalt)

Sumatriptan (Imitrex)

Zolmitriptan (Zomig)

Multiple sclerosis (MS)

Alemtuzumab (Lemtrada)

Dalfampridine (Ampyra)

Dimethyl fumarate (Tecfidera)

Fingolimod (Gilenya)

Glatiramer (Copaxone)

Interferon beta-1a (Avonex, Rebif)

Interferon beta-1b (Betaseron, Extavia)

Peginterferon beta-la (Plegridy)

Mitoxantrone (Novantrone)

Natalizumab (Tysabri)

Teriflunomide (Aubagio)

Myelodysplastic syndrome

Azacitidine (Vidaza)

Clofarabine (Clolar)

Decitabine (Dacogen)

Lenalidomide (Revlimid)

Myocardial infarction (MI)

Alteplase (Activase)

Aspirin

Atenolol (Tenormin)

Captopril (Capoten)

Clopidogrel (Plavix)

Dalteparin (Fragmin)

Diltiazem (Cardizem, Dilacor)

Enalapril (Vasotec)

Enoxaparin (Lovenox)

Heparin

Lidocaine

Lisinopril (Prinivil, Zestril)

Metoprolol (Lopressor)

Morphine

Nitroglycerin

Propranolol (Inderal)

Quinapril (Accupril)

Ramipril (Altace)

Reteplase (Retavase)

Streptokinase

Timolol (Blocadren)

Warfarin (Coumadin)

Nausea

Aprepitant (Emend)

Chlorpromazine (Thorazine)

Dexamethasone (Decadron)

Dimenhydrinate (Dramamine)

Dolasetron (Anzemet)

Dronabinol (Marinol)

Droperidol (Inapsine)

Fosaprepitant (Emend)

Granisetron (Kytril)

Hydroxyzine (Vistaril)

Lorazepam (Ativan)

Meclizine (Antivert)

Metoclopramide (Reglan)

Nabilone (Cesamet)

Ondansetron (Zofran)

Palonosetron (Aloxi)

Prochlorperazine (Compazine)

Promethazine (Phenergan)

Obesity

Benzphetamine (Didrex)

Bupropion (Wellbutrin)

Bupropion/naltrexone (Contrave)

Diethylpropion (Tenuate)

Exenatide (Bydureon, Byetta)

Lorcaserin (Belviq)

Methamphetamine (Desoxyn)

Orlistat (Alli, Xenical)

Phendimetrazine (Bontril)

Phentermine (Ionamin)

Phentermine and topiramate (Qsymia)

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)

Citalopram (Celexa)

Clomipramine (Anafranil)

Escitalopram (Lexapro)

Fluoxetine (Prozac)

Fluvoxamine (Luvox)

Paroxetine (Paxil)

Sertraline (Zoloft)

Organ transplant, rejection

prophylaxis

Azathioprine (Imuran)

Basiliximab (Simulect)

Belatacept (Nulojix)

Cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan, Neosar)

Cyclosporine (Sandimmune)

Daclizumab (Zenapax)

Everolimus (Zortress)

Mycophenolate (CellCept)

Sirolimus (Rapamune)

Tacrolimus (Prograf)

Osteoarthritis

Acetaminophen (Tylenol)

Celecoxib (Celebrex)

Diclofenac (Cataflam, Pennsaid, Voltaren)

Duloxetine (Cymbalta)

xxii Drugs by Disorder

Etodolac (Lodine)

Flurbiprofen (Ansaid)

Ibuprofen (Motrin)

Ketoprofen (Orudis)

Meloxicam (Mobic)

Nabumetone (Relafen)

Naproxen (Naprosyn)

Sulindac (Clinoril)

Tramadol (Ultram)

Osteoporosis

Alendronate (Fosamax)

Calcitonin (Miacalcin)

Calcium salts

Conjugated estrogens/bazedoxifene

(Duavee)

Denosumab (Prolia)

Ibandronate (Boniva)

Raloxifene (Evista)

Risedronate (Actonel)

Teriparatide (Forteo)

Vitamin D

Zoledronic acid (Reclast)

Paget’s disease

Alendronate (Fosamax)

Calcitonin (Miacalcin)

Etidronate (Didronel)

Pamidronate (Aredia)

Risedronate (Actonel)

Tiludronate (Skelid)

Zoledronic acid (Reclast)

Pain, mild to moderate

Acetaminophen (Tylenol)

Aspirin

Celecoxib (Celebrex)

Codeine

Diclofenac (Cataflam, Voltaren, Zipsor)

Diflunisal (Dolobid)

Etodolac (Lodine)

Flurbiprofen (Ansaid)

Ibuprofen (Advil, Caldolor, Motrin)

Ketorolac (Toradol)

Naproxen (Anaprox, Naprosyn)

Salsalate (Disalcid)

Tramadol (Ultram)

Pain, moderate to severe

Butorphanol (Stadol)

Fentanyl (Onsolis, Sublimaze)

Hydromorphone (Dilaudid)

Meperidine (Demerol)

Methadone (Dolophine)

Morphine (MS Contin)

Morphine/naltrexone (Embeda)

Nalbuphine (Nubain)

Oxycodone (OxyFast, Roxicodone)

Oxymorphone (Opana)

Ziconotide (Prialt)

Panic attack disorder

Alprazolam (Xanax)

Clonazepam (Klonopin)

Paroxetine (Paxil)

Sertraline (Zoloft)

Venlafaxine (Effexor)

Parkinsonism

Apomorphine (Apokyn)

Carbidopa/levodopa (Sinemet,

Sinemet CR)

Entacapone (Comtan)

Pramipexole (Mirapex)

Rasagiline (Azilect)

Ropinirole (Requip)

Rotigotine (Neupro)

Selegiline (Eldepryl, Zelapar)

Tolcapone (Tasmar)

Peptic ulcer disease

Cimetidine (Tagamet)

Dexlansoprazole (Dexilant)

Esomeprazole (Nexium)

Famotidine (Pepcid)

Lansoprazole (Prevacid)

Misoprostol (Cytotec)

Nizatidine (Axid)

Omeprazole (Prilosec)

Pantoprazole (Protonix)

Rabeprazole (Aciphex)

Ranitidine (Zantac)

Sucralfate (Carafate)

Pneumonia

Amoxicillin (Amoxil)

Amoxicillin/clavulanate (Augmentin)

Ampicillin (Polycillin)

Azithromycin (Zithromax)

Cefaclor (Ceclor)

Cefpodoxime (Vantin)

Ceftriaxone (Rocephin)

Cefuroxime (Kefurox, Zinacef)

Clarithromycin (Biaxin)

Co-trimoxazole (Bactrim, Septra)

Erythromycin

Gentamicin (Garamycin)

Levofloxacin (Levaquin)

Drugs by Disorder xxiii

Linezolid (Zyvox)

Moxifloxacin (Avelox)

Piperacillin/tazobactam (Zosyn)

Tobramycin (Nebcin)

Vancomycin (Vancocin)

Pneumonia, Pneumocystis jiroveci

Atovaquone (Mepron)

Clindamycin (Cleocin)

Co-trimoxazole (Bactrim, Septra)

Pentamidine (Pentam)

Trimethoprim (Proloprim)

Post-traumatic stress disorder

Amitriptyline (Elavil)

Aripiprazole (Abilify)

Citalopram (Celexa)

Escitalopram (Lexapro)

Fluoxetine (Prozac)

Imipramine (Tofranil)

Lamotrigine (Lamictal)

Olanzapine (Zyprexa)

Paroxetine (Paxil)

Phenelzine (Nardil)

Prazosin (Minipress)

Propranolol (Inderal)

Quetiapine (Seroquel)

Risperidone (Risperdal)

Sertraline (Zoloft)

Topiramate (Topamax)

Valproic acid (Depakote)

Venlafaxine (Effexor)

Ziprasidone (Geodon)

Pruritus

Amcinonide (Cyclocort)

Brompheniramine (Dimetane)

Cetirizine (Zyrtec)

Chlorpheniramine (Dimetane)

Clemastine (Tavist)

Clobetasol (Temovate)

Cyproheptadine (Periactin)

Desloratadine (Clarinex)

Desonide (Tridesilon)

Desoximetasone (Topicort)

Diphenhydramine (Benadryl)

Fluocinolone (Synalar)

Fluocinonide (Lidex)

Halobetasol (Ultravate)

Hydrocortisone (Cort-Dome, Hytone)

Hydroxyzine (Atarax, Vistaril)

Prednisolone (Prelone)

Prednisone (Deltasone)

Promethazine (Phenergan)

Psychosis

Aripiprazole (Abilify)

Asenapine (Saphris)

Chlorpromazine (Thorazine)

Clozapine (Clozaril)

Fluphenazine (Prolixin)

Haloperidol (Haldol)

Iloperidone (Fanapt)

Loxapine (Adasuve)

Lurasidone (Latuda)

Olanzapine (Zyprexa)

Quetiapine (Seroquel, Seroquel XR)

Risperidone (Risperdal)

Thioridazine (Mellaril)

Thiothixene (Navane)

Ziprasidone (Geodon)

Pulmonary arterial hypertension

Ambrisentan (Letairis)

Bosentan (Tracleer)

Epoprostenol (Flolan)

Iloprost (Ventavis)

Macitentan (Opsumit)

Riociguat (Adempas)

Sildenafil (Revatio)

Tadalafil (Adcirca)

Treprostinil (Remodulin, Tyvaso)

Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS)

Beractant (Survanta)

Calfactant (Infasurf)

Poractant alfa (Curosurf)

Restless legs syndrome

Cabergoline (Dostinex)

Carbidopa/levodopa (Sinemet)

Clonazepam (Klonopin)

Gabapentin (Horizant, Neurontin)

Levodopa

Oxycodone (Roxicodone)

Pramipexole (Mirapex)

Ropinirole (Requip)

Rotigotine (Neupro)

Tramadol (Ultram)

Zaleplon (Sonata)

Zolpidem (Ambien)

Schizophrenia

Aripiprazole (Abilify)

Asenapine (Saphris)

Chlorpromazine (Thorazine)

Clozapine (Clozaril)

Fluphenazine (Prolixin)

xxiv Drugs by Disorder

Haloperidol (Haldol)

Iloperidone (Fanapt)

Lurasidone (Latuda)

Olanzapine (Zyprexa)

Paliperidone (Invega, Invega Sustenna)

Quetiapine (Seroquel, Seroquel XR)

Risperidone (Risperdal)

Thioridazine (Mellaril)

Thiothixene (Navane)

Ziprasidone (Geodon)

Smoking cessation

Bupropion (Zyban)

Clonidine (Catapres)

Nicotine (Nicoderm, Nicotrol)

Nortriptyline (Pamelor)

Varenicline (Chantix)

Thrombosis

Apixaban (Eliquis)

Dalteparin (Fragmin)

Enoxaparin (Lovenox)

Fondaparinux (Arixtra)

Heparin

Tinzaparin (Innohep)

Warfarin (Coumadin)

Thyroid disorders

Levothyroxine (Levoxyl, Synthroid)

Liothyronine (Cytomel)

Thyroid

Transient ischemic attack (TIA)

Aspirin

Clopidogrel (Plavix)

Prasugrel (Effient)

Ticlopidine (Ticlid)

Warfarin (Coumadin)

Tremor

Atenolol (Tenormin)

Chlordiazepoxide (Librium)

Diazepam (Valium)

Lorazepam (Ativan)

Metoprolol (Lopressor)

Nadolol (Corgard)

Propranolol (Inderal)

Tuberculosis (TB)

Bedaquiline (Sirturo)

Cycloserine (Seromycin)

Ethambutol (Myambutol)

Isoniazid (INH)

Pyrazinamide

Rifabutin (Mycobutin)

Rifampin (Rifadin)

Rifapentine (Priftin)

Urticaria

Cetirizine (Zyrtec)

Cimetidine (Tagamet)

Clemastine (Tavist)

Cyproheptadine (Periactin)

Diphenhydramine (Benadryl)

Hydroxyzine (Atarax, Vistaril)

Loratadine (Claritin)

Promethazine (Phenergan)

Ranitidine (Zantac)

Vertigo

Dimenhydrinate (Dramamine)

Diphenhydramine (Benadryl)

Meclizine (Antivert)

Scopolamine (Trans-Derm Scop)

Vomiting

Aprepitant (Emend)

Chlorpromazine (Thorazine)

Dexamethasone (Decadron)

Dimenhydrinate (Dramamine)

Dolasetron (Anzemet)

Dronabinol (Marinol)

Droperidol (Inapsine)

Fosaprepitant (Emend)

Granisetron (Kytril)

Hydroxyzine (Vistaril)

Lorazepam (Ativan)

Meclizine (Antivert)

Metoclopramide (Reglan)

Nabilone (Cesamet)

Ondansetron (Zofran)

Palonosetron (Aloxi)

Prochlorperazine (Compazine)

Promethazine (Phenergan)

Scopolamine (Trans-Derm Scop)

Trimethobenzamide (Tigan)

Zollinger-Ellison syndrome

Aluminum salts

Cimetidine (Tagamet)

Esomeprazole (Nexium)

Famotidine (Pepcid)

Lansoprazole (Prevacid)

Omeprazole (Prilosec)

Pantoprazole (Protonix)

Rabeprazole (Aciphex)

Ranitidine (Zantac)

Saunders Nursing Drug Handbook 2016 eBook

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Table of Contents

CONTENTS

DRUGS BY DISORDER xiii

DRUG CLASSIFICATIONS 1C

A–Z DRUG ENTRIES 1

APPENDIXES 1332

A. Calculation of Doses 1332

B. Controlled Drugs (United States) 1333

C. FDA Pregnancy Categories 1333

D. Wound Care 1334

E. Drugs of Abuse 1338

F. Equianalgesic Dosing 1344

G. Herbals: Common Natural Medicines 1345

H. Lifespan, Cultural Aspects,

and Pharmacogenomics of Drug Therapy 1352

I. Normal Laboratory Values 1356

J. Cytochrome P450 (CYP) Enzymes 1358

K. Poison Antidote Chart 1361

L. Preventing Medication Errors and Improving

Medication Safety 1366

M. Parenteral Fluid Administration 1370

N. Common Terminology Criteria for

Adverse Events (CTCAE) 1373

GENERAL INDEX 1375

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