Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach 4th edition Purnell Test Bank

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  • Download: Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach 4th edition Purnell Test Bank
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  • Published: 2013
  • ISBN-10: 0803637055
  • ISBN-13: 978-0803637054

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transcultural health care, a culturally competent approach 4th edition purnell test bank

Chapter 1: Transcultural Diversity and Health Care

Multiple Choice

Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

____ 1. According to the 2010 U.S. Census Bureau, approximately 72.4 percent of the population reported their race as white. The second most commonly reported race is

1.Black.
2.Hispanic.
3.American Indian/Alaskan Native.
4.Asian.

____ 2. Of the Hispanic population in the United States, the largest percentage self identify as

1.Puerto Rican.
2.Cuban.
3.Mexican.
4.Central American.

____ 3. In distinguishing a stereotype from a generalization, a generalization is a(an)

1.Starting point.
2.End point.
3.Minor variation of stereotype.
4.Major variation of stereotype.

____ 4. Mr. James, a nutritionist at McDowell Memorial Medical Center, gave the U.S. Department of Agriculture Dominant American food pyramid to a traditional Guatemalan migrant worker. This is an example of

1.Cultural imposition.
2.Cultural imperialism.
3.Cultural relativism.
4.Cultural sensitivity.

____ 5. Worldview is best described as

1.An explanation for disease etiology.
2.The one who exercises the most power within a group.
3.Careful consideration of future implications when making a decision.
4.An understanding of how human experiences fit into a bigger picture.

____ 6. Cultural sensitivity is

1.Using politically correct language.
2.Having an appreciation of cultural arts and dress.
3.Knowing aggregate data about a cultural group.
4.Knowing specific cultural attributes about a group.

____ 7. Cultural imposition is defined as

1.Applying the majority views and practices to minority groups.
2.The practice of extending the policies and practices of one group (usually the dominant one) to disenfranchised and minority groups.
3.The belief that the behaviors and practices of people should be judged only from the context of their cultural system.
4.Not saying things that may be seen as derogatory about another group—that is, using politically correct, neutral language.

____ 8. Ethnocentrism is

1.Being aware of the ethnicity of your patients.
2.Believing that your nursing practices and values are superior to others’ practices and values.
3.The belief that the behaviors and practices of people should be judged only from the context of their cultural system.
4.Learning aggregate data of cultural groups to whom they provide care.

____ 9. A hallmark of individualistic cultures is

1.Self-expression.
2.Teamwork.
3.High-context communication.
4.Expectations of loyalty.

____ 10. One culture that encourages self-expression is

1.Filipino.
2.Thai.
3.European American.
4.Somali.

Chapter 1: Transcultural Diversity and Health Care

Answer Section

MULTIPLE CHOICE

1.ANS:2

Feedback
1Incorrect: 12.1 percent of the U.S. population is black.
2Correct: 12.6  percent of the U.S. population is Hispanic/Latino.
3Incorrect: 0.9  percent of the U.S. population is American Indian or Alaskan Native.
4Incorrect: Only 4.8  percent of the U.S. population is Asian.

PTS: 1

2.ANS:3

Feedback
1Incorrect. Of the Hispanic population in the United States, the majority are Mexican.
2Incorrect. Of the Hispanic population in the United States, the majority are Mexican.
3Correct. Of the Hispanic population in the United States, the majority are Mexican.
4Incorrect. Of the Hispanic population in the United States, the majority are Mexican.

PTS: 1

3.ANS:1

Feedback
1Correct. A generalization is a starting point, not an endpoint.
2Incorrect. A generalization is a starting point, not an endpoint.
3Incorrect. A generalization is not a major or minor variation of stereotype.
4Incorrect. A generalization is not a major or minor variation of stereotype.

PTS: 1

4.ANS:1

Feedback
1Correct. Cultural imposition is applying the majority views and practices to minority groups.
2Incorrect. Cultural imperialism is the practice of extending the policies and practices of one group (usually the dominant one) to disenfranchised and minority groups.
3Incorrect. Cultural relativism is the belief that the behaviors and practices of people should be judged only from the context of their cultural system.
4Incorrect. Cultural sensitivity is not saying things that may be seen as derogatory about another group—that is, using politically correct, neutral language.

PTS: 1

5.ANS:4

Feedback
1Incorrect. This may be part of worldview, but it is not the best definition. The definition is not complete.
2Incorrect. This may be part of worldview, but it is not the best definition. The definition is not complete.
3Incorrect. This may be part of worldview, but it is not the best definition. The definition is not complete.
4Correct. Worldview is best described as an understanding of how human experiences fit into a bigger picture.

PTS: 1

6.ANS:1

Feedback
1Correct. Using politically correct language is a cultural sensitivity.
2Incorrect. Cultural awareness is an appreciation of cultural arts and dress.
3Incorrect. Knowing aggregate data about a cultural group is a step toward cultural competence.
4Incorrect. Knowing specific cultural attributes about a cultural group is a step toward cultural competence.

PTS: 1

7.ANS:3

Feedback
1Incorrect. Cultural relativism is the belief that the behaviors and practices of people should be judged only from the context of their cultural system.
2Incorrect. Cultural imperialism is the practice of extending the policies and practices of one group (usually the dominant one) to disenfranchised and minority groups.
3Correct. Cultural imposition is applying the majority views and practices to minority groups.
4Incorrect. Cultural sensitivity is not saying things that may be seen as derogatory about another group—that is, using politically correct, neutral language.

PTS: 1

8.ANS:2

Feedback
1Incorrect. Being aware of the ethnicity of your patients is not ethnocentrism.
2Correct. Believing that your nursing practices and values are superior to others’ practices and values is ethnocentrism.
3Incorrect. The belief that the behaviors and practices of people should be judged only from the context of their cultural system is cultural relativism.
4Incorrect. Learning aggregate data of cultural groups to whom they provide care is a step of cultural competence.

PTS: 1

9.ANS:1

Feedback
1Correct. A hallmark of individualistic cultures is self-expression.
2Incorrect. Teamwork is a hallmark of collectivistic cultures.
3Incorrect. High-context communication is a hallmark of collectivistic cultures.
4Incorrect. The expectation of loyalty is a hallmark of collectivistic cultures.

PTS: 1

10.ANS:3

Feedback
1Incorrect. Filipino culture is collectivistic and does not encourage self-expression.
2Incorrect. The Thai culture is collectivistic and does not encourage self-expression.
3Correct. The European American culture is individualistic and encourages self-expression.
4Incorrect. The Somali culture is collectivistic and does not encourage self-expression.

PTS: 1

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